Brazil Destinations, Altamira

 altamira  altamira2

It is a municipality located in the state of Pará, in the north of the country. By 2009 it was the world’s largest
city in area 6 with an area of 159 km2 695.938, surpassing several countries like Portugal, Iceland, Ireland,
Switzerland, among others. It lies at an altitude of 109 meters, latitude 03o12’12 “south and longitude 52o12’23”
West. Its population in 2014 was 106,768 habitantes.
Striking feature of the city is its hydrography: Altamira is stuck on the banks of the Xingu River, with its series
of tributaries and waterfalls that are distributed throughout the region.
Although it is known that even before 1750 old Jesuit Missions already inhabited the Xingu region, resulting in
the emergence of Altamira village, the first formal record of their existence date of April 14, 1874, creating the
city of Souzel in which formed part of the region which today comprises the municipality of Altamira. The great
physical extent and administrative needs, in November 6, 1911 is created the municipality of Altamira.
Altamira has established itself as polarizing center of the southern state. Its official source was directly linked:
a) colonization of the Jesuit Missions in the first half of the eighteenth century; b) the rubber extraction lasted
until the mid­twentieth century; c) the process of internalization of Brazil with the opening of the Amazon
frontier, from the 1970s His unofficial history has always been linked to the indigenous presence in the territory.
Since the rubber period the urban network of the Xingu region is structured from Altamira. Agriculture ­ mostly
rice, cocoa, beans, corn and black pepper kingdom ­ the rubber extraction and nut­nut and livestock are the
main economic activities of the municipality. The region, however, is faced with economic and social problems
as there was the necessary investments in infrastructure. Ecotourism has great potential in the city, but is very
little explorado.
Altamira has an area of 159 533.73 km2, making it the largest city in Brazil and the third largest in the world in
area (being less than Sermersooq and Qaasuitsup, Greenland municipalities instituted on January 1, 2009). If
it were a country, it would be the 91st largest country in the world, bigger than Greece and Nepal. If it were a
Brazilian state, it would be the 16th largest, slightly smaller than Paraná and larger than the Acre and Ceará.
Economy and infrastructure:
Agriculture (rice, cocoa, beans, corn, black pepper kingdom) and the rubber extraction and nut­nut and
livestock as the main are the main economic activities of the municipality.
However, the city still has no paved access, as the only road used to get to the city is the Trans­Amazon
Highway (BR­230), which had its paving process interrupted in the past decade, leaving the city for a long
period (rain) incommunicado for highways, corroborating with little industrial development. Until 1998 th city
was powered by a thermoelectric plant off shortly after the inauguration of the 230 KV LT Tucuruí ­ Altamira,
Tramo­west project developed by Eletronorte.
The region suffers from a chronic structural neglect, a process of economic and consequently social atrophy
because they were not made necessary investments to the region, since the infrastructure is precarious.
Historical demands to reduce conflicts such as land entanglement, conflict over land, basic assistance to
diseases such as dengue and violence are problems permanentes.11 In 2013, among the three components of
the Human Development Index, Altamira only had high note in longevity (0.811 before the national average of
0.816), with average performance in income (0.662 versus 0.739) and education (0.548 versus 0.637)
National Floresta of Altamira
Surface: 689,012 hectares.
Bioma: Amazonia 100%
Open Rain Forest 74%
Rain Forest 23Th Fauna Altamira is one of the gateways to the Middle Land, located between the Xingu and
Tapajós rivers in the state of Pará. Surrounded by Indian lands, the region has one of the largest forest areas
relatively undisturbed in the eastern Amazon.
The region is of critical importance for wildlife, home to numerous endangered species, including jaguars,
alligators­Acoustic, spider monkeys, white­faced saki and the anteaters.
The largest remaining concentrations of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in Brazil are located in the Terra
do Meio and indigenous lands of the surroundings.
The National Forest Altamira is also important for the protection of indigenous communities located in the
vicinity, working with buffer zone for indigenous lands Chest, Xperia and Curuá.