Brazil Destinations, Bauru

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Bauru was founded in 1896, and a major reason the place of settlement is March to the West, created
by the Getulio Vargas government to encourage progress and the occupation of central Brazil. Bauru
never harbored the slave system, in force in much of the Brasilaté 1888. This aspect had
consequences in terms of demography and ethnic composition of the regional population. the number
of blacks and browns in Bauru is relatively lower than in other regions São Paulo, while the Asian
origin component is there greater than the average brasileira.11
In the early twentieth century the municipality begins to gain infrastructure and the population
increases with the arrival of the railroad and later the highways. Coffee gains strength in the city early
in the century, but depreciates and gradually Bauru is industrialized, and the industry was primarily
responsible for the city’s urbanization and is now, along with the tertiary sector, the main source of
municipal income, making the city has the 68th largest Brazilian GDP. In the field he gained
momentum after the 1950s the sugarcane.
It is located northwest of the state capital, lying about 326 km of this. It occupies an area of 673.488
square kilometers, with 68.9769 sq km are in urban area and the remaining 604.51 square kilometers
make up the countryside. In 2014 its population was estimated by IBGE in 364.562 inhabitants, and in
2010 was the 18th most populous of SaoPaulo State.
With 98.5% of its inhabitants living in urban areas, the city had in 2009 with 149 health facilities. Its
Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.801, considering as well as very high relative to the country,
and the 20th largest in the state
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Bauru is the biggest of the micro­region of Bauru, the 18th
largest in the state of São Paulo and the 68th nationwide. According to IBGE data, for 2009, the GDP
of the municipality was R $ 6,795,517 thousand. 747 297 000. They were imposed on liquids
subsidies at current prices. The GDP per capita was R $ 18 906.42.
According to the IBGE, the city had, in 2010, 14,233 local units and 13,613 active companies and
commercial establishments. 131,698 workers were classified as total employed persons and 114,667
categorized in employed persons. Wages along with other compensation amounted to 2,082,034,000.
real and the average monthly salary of all county was 2.9 times the minimum wage. Until the 1940s
the city’s economy was totally dependent on agriculture, but the prime location of the city, situated on
a large road­air­hydro and rail junction of São Paulo, energy supply and telephone network have
made that industry and trade up to strengthen during the twentieth century, especially in the second
half of this.
The Municipal Botanical Garden and Bauru Horto Florestal configure up to large areas of
environmental protection, while the Municipal Theatre of Bauru “Celine Lourdes Alves Neves,” the
Bauru Cultural Centre and the Automobile Club of Bauru are relevant visitation points located in the
urban area, in addition to projects and cultural events organized by the Municipal Culture, which is
responsible for designing the Bauru cultural life.
To prevent the progress currently deforestation, were created various areas of environmental
conservation. The municipality had in 2011 with nine, namely: the Grove Community (16 200 m2); the
State Forest Pederneiras (with 1941 hectares, established in 2002); the Ecological Station of Bauru
(278.7 ha, established in 1983); the Experimental Station of Bauru (with 43.09 ha, established in
1939); Environmental Preservation Area (APA) Battle River (created in 1998 to protect the riparian
forest on the banks of Battle River); the Municipal Botanical Garden Bauru (created in 1994); APA
Municipal Vargem Alegre (established in 1996); APA Standing Water (established in 1996); and the
Municipal Park Zoo (created in 1992 with 30 hectares, harboring endangered animal species) .18
Bauru also has parks, medium and large squares, sports fields and recreational areas such as Royal
Victoria Park, Castle Park and the Horto Florestal, among others.
The city has several areas dedicated to cultural events of theatrical and musical areas. The Municipal
Theatre of Bauru is important both in the city and in the state and always brings many attractions and
renowned pieces all year round and for every taste. Eventually they are held musical performances
open to the public fairs and exhibitions. Another important area is the cultural center of Bauru was
opened in March 15, 1942
As for museums, there are three: the Museum of Image and Sound, the Museum of Bauru Regional
Rail and the Municipal History Museum. Bauru also has ten cinemas, and theaters of Bauru are
considered as the most modern in the region, still attracting spectators from neighboring towns. The
rooms that are on the Bauru Shopping belong to the Multiplex Cinema (five rooms, one with THX
sound and a 3D room) and the Cine ‘n Fun in the Alameda Quality Center (four rooms, all of THX
sound). The film society movement, very active in Bauru during the 1960s and 1970s (the city came
to tell simultaneously with four film clubs, one of them dedicated to the display of full­length operas),
today does not have any permanent film club.
In addition to the scenic attractions, Bauru also has a band of historical monuments, natural
attractions and places to visit. The municipal Botanical Garden was begun in the 1910s, the place
where he drew water to supply the city, and the place was rich in springs and kills protected. The
Visitor Center park opened in July 7, 2003, where they are exposed information about the park,
whose main attractions are the nature trails, the herbarium and the nursery.
The Bauru Horto Florestal has 50 hectares, housing an experimental station of pine research,
eucalyptus and other exotic and native species of flora. The Municipal Park Zoo Bauru, opened in 24
August 1980, has several species of animals, receiving an average of 150,000 people a year.
In the urban area the main attractions are the various hotels, restaurants, museums, bars, fast­food
chains, movie theaters and shopping centeres, plus a promenade in the city center and concentration
of shops stretching from the central region to the south. In the Automobile Club of Bauru, for example,
opened in April 8, 1939, it is common holding events, and has ample space and has striking
architectural features.