Brazil Destinations, Belem

 belem  belem2

Belém is a Brazilian city, Pará state capital, belonging to the Metropolitan mesoregion of Belem and
the micro­region of Belem. With an area of ​​064,918 km2 1, located in northern Brazil, far 2140
kilometers from Brasilia.
In its nearly 400 years of history, Belem experienced moments of fulfillment, including the golden age
of rubber, in the early twentieth century, when the city received many European families, who greatly
influenced the architecture of local buildings, becoming known at the time as Paris N’América. Today,
despite being cosmopolitan and modern in many ways, Belém did not lose the traditional feel of the
facades of houses, churches and chapels of the colonial period.
The region where today is the city of Belem was in the mid­eighteenth century, a small village which
served as home for the Indians xucurus.
The establishment of the original core of the city dates back to the context of the achievement of the
mouth of the Amazon River at the time of the Philippine Dynasty by Portuguese and Spanish forces
under the command of capitan Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco, that the January 12, 1616,
founded the Forte do Presepio. The village that was formed around was initially called “Happy
Lusitania”. Later it was successively named as: Santa Maria of Grantham; Santa Maria de Belém do
Pará grain; to the current Belem. Belem was the first capital of the Amazon.
During the rubber boom, Belem was considered one of the most developed cities in Brazil and one of
the most prosperous in the world, not only for its strategic position ­ near the coast ­ but also because
had a larger number of rubber tappers residences, banking houses and other important institutions.
The heyday was between 1890 and 1920, when the city had technologies that cities of southern and
southeastern Brazil did not yet possess. The city already had: the Olympia Cinema (the oldest in
Brazil in operation), considered one of the most luxurious and modern at the time, opened on April
21, 1912 at the height of international silent film; the Teatro da Paz, one of the most beautiful in
Brazil, inspired by the Scala Theatre in Milan; the iron market “Ver­o­Peso”, the largest free fair in
Latin America; the Antônio Lemos Palace; Batista Campos Square and many others. .
For the same reason, they were attracted in this period waves of foreign immigrants, like Portuguese,
Chinese, French, Japanese, Spanish and other smaller groups in order to develop agriculture in the
lands of Bragantina Zone.
It is observed that, at that time, the indigenous was directly involved in the local economy, by already
more reserved in areas far from urban centers, living their own culture, having faced the settlers in
many conflicts.
Grew, however, the slave trade, brought the necessary general works and emerged the figure of the
Caboclo, who has unfolded with miscegenation.
Occupying an area of 1065 km2, Belém currently has 1,432,844 inhabitants and is the second most
populous city in the Amazon. It is limited to the municipality of Ananindeua.
Created by federal law in 1973 amended in 1995, 2010 and 2011, the metropolitan area of ​​Belém
(RMB), with 2,381,661 inhabitants IBGE census / 2014
The belenense economy is based primarily on the activities of trade, services and tourism, although it
is also developed industrial activity with many food industries, naval, metallurgical, fishing, chemical
and timber.
The capital region is located in the most dynamic region of the state and along with the municipality of
Barcarena, part of the second largest Amazon industrial park. The city has the closest Brazilian ports
in Europe and the United States (Bethlehem, Miramar and Knoll), and the port of Belém is the second
largest mover of containers Amazon. With the revitalization of the industrial districts of Icoaraci and
Anand, the implementation of the Tocantins Waterway and the arrival of the North­South Railway, the
city is waiting for a new development cycle.
The Candle of Nazareth, the largest Christian procession on the planet, moves the economy of the
City. During the period no heat in industrial production, trade, the service sector and 46 turismo.12
The city begins to explore the fashion market, with Bethlehem Fashion Days event (is among the five
biggest in the country fashion events) and the Amazon Fashion Week (most Amazonian fashion
event).
Belem provides various possibilities for culture and lazer.43 The city is rich in historical buildings,
beaches and possess an exuberant nature, among the modern buildings of the capital, can be seen
in its many sights. The state capital is emerging as a major tourist itinerary in Brazil, generating an
excellent opportunity for tourism investments. It is the second most visited city in the Amazon.
Basilica Sanctuary of Our Lady of Nazareth ­ The Basilica of Nazareth is the only basilica of the
Brazilian Amazon. Its history, its symbolism and its religious importance exert a profound influence on
Para religious imagery. High on May 31, 2006 to the category of Archdiocesan Marian Shrine, was
renamed to Basilica Sanctuary of Our Lady of Nazareth.
Amazon Biopark ­ Crocodile Safari
Cable car Belém
Feliz Lusitania Complex ­ Located in the Old Town, is part of the revitalized historic center. The
complex has the Metropolitan Cathedral of Bethlehem Square Dom Frei Caetano, House of the
Eleven Windows, Solimões Corvette Museum, Nativity Scene Fort and the St. Alexander complex
(which is the Church and the Sacred Art Museum of Pará, considered a the most beautiful of Brazil).
Complex Ver­o­Peso ­ Composed by Fair Acai, squares Clock (original clock from England),
Fisherman, the Canopy, the Solar da Beira and the Municipal Market. The market Iron supplementing
the Ver­o­Peso, was all transported from England and elected one of the seven wonders of Brazil.
Complex Ver­o­Rio ­ an area of ​​five thousand square meters facing the bay of Guajará, the project
combines contemplation of nature with the convenience in use of urban space.
Docks Station ­ is a complex of art, entertainment and cuisine. The station, as it is known, has a
modern river terminal, the Amazon River, floating dock, able to contribute up to 4 vessels 70 feet.
Daily are performed several river tours along the shore and islands of Bethlehem.
St. Joseph Liberto64 space ­ was an old prison in the capital. In 2002 gave way to space, home to the
Pará Gems Museum, Polo Jeweler, the Craftsman house and a chapel. Today, the site is a reference
for the Para jewelry market because of the jewels in gold and gems produced by the talent of the
goldsmiths and designers Para.
Olympic Stadium Para ­ With capacity for 50,000 spectators, was opened in 1978 and renovated in
2002. It received four matches of the Brazilian team (1990, 1997, 2005 and 2011) and the record
attendance was 65 000 people (11 July 1999) on the game’s Rowing Club and Paysandu Sport Club,
before retirement. Since 2002, it takes place at the GP Mangueirão Brazil Athletics Box, attracting
general public. Has the largest audience ever recorded in this mode in Latin America.
Hangar ­ Convention Centre and shows the Amazon ­ With a total area of ​​64 000 square meters and
25 000 square meters of built area fully integrated with the Amazon environment, the Hangar is
equipped with latest technology features and prepared for any type of event, such as fairs,
congresses, conventions, meetings, seminars, symposia and exhibitions.
Botanical Garden Grove Rodrigues Alves
Mangal of herons ­ Located on the banks of the Guamá River in the historic center, the park is a
result of the revitalization of an area of ​​40 000 square meters, in the vicinity of the Navy Arsenal.
Icoaraci edge ­ Located in the district of Icoaraci, far about 20 km from the center, there are bars and
restaurants, recreational areas and craft fairs. The district stands out as an important craft polo
ceramic.
Palace Antonio Lemos ­ Today’s town hall.
Palace Sodre Lauro ­ Pará State Museum Headquarters from 199,467
Park Residence ­ Official residence of state governors, now the headquarters of the Executive
Secretariat of Culture (SECULT) of Para state.
The Paraense Emilio Goeldi Museum Zoo and Botanical Park ­ Created on 6 October 1866, is the
oldest research institution in the Amazon region and world reference in Amazônia.68> The Zoo and
Botanical Park is situated in the inner city of Bethlehem, with an area of ​​5 2 hectares. It is the oldest
of Brazil in its gênero.69
Planetarium Sebastian Sodre da Gama ­ the first planetarium north and considered one of the most
modern in the country.
Square Batista Campos
Theatro da Paz ­ Inspired by the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, it is the oldest and largest of the Amazon,
built in 1878 with funds earned from the export latex in the Rubber Cycle. It is considered one of the
most luxurious of Brazil.

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