Brazil Destinations, Belo Horizonte

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The History of Belo Horizonte begins in 1701, first named as “Arraial Curral del Rei. Then, when it
became the capital of the State of Minas Gerais, it came to be called “Cidade de Minas” 1897.
It was named Belo Horizonte only in 1901. In more than a century of history, the city is now one of
the major cities in the country.
In 1893, the city was chosen to be the capital of Minas Gerais in the nineteenth century, after finding
that Ouro Preto, former capital, had no structure to urban sprawl. For these reasons, Belo Horizonte
was totally planned.
In 1894 began the construction of Belo Horizonte, with modern emphasis on its constructive aspects.
Urban planning was made by the head of the Construction Committee of the New Capital Aarao Reis.
Time passed, administrative spheres were consolidated and the city began to face problems common
to any city, marked by the absence of structures, leisure, or health, education and public transport.
These effects occurred mainly in the 30 and 40 of the twentieth century.
The 40s of the twentieth century was marked by the advance of industrialization. At that time opened
the Architectural Complex of Pampulha (composed of the Church of St. Francis of Assisi, the yacht
Tennis Club, Casa do Baile and Casino, now the Pampulha Art Museum, circling the Lagoa da
Pampulha), commissioned by the mayor exercise Juscelino Kubitschek, with project signed by Oscar
Niemeyer.
In the 60s, the capital has undergone an accelerated process of urban growth that advanced on the
streets when they were demolished homes and green areas. The 70s were marked by the vertical
city, which has committed much of its original features and its architectural heritage. At that time, I
had something around a million inhabitants.
From the beginning of the 90s, Belo Horizonte is marked by programs and projects of urban and
social improvements, with effective popular participation, making Belo Horizonte reach the twenty­first
century with nearly 2.4 million people worldwide in 331 km2.
Belo Horizonte is the Capital of the second most populous state in Brazil, Minas Gerais, standing next
to parallel 19o49’01 ” South and the meridian 43o57’21 ” west. The actual area of the municipality is
about 330.23 km2 to 335 km2.46 Its neighboring cities are Brumadinho Nova Lima and south;
Sabara and Santa Luzia east; Santa Luzia and Vespasiano north; and Ribeirão das Neves, Count
and Ibirité the oeste.
Belo Horizonte is the fifth richest city in Brazil with 1.37% of GDP, behind São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro,
Brasilia and Curitiba. According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in 2010
GDP amounted to R $ 51,661,760,194.00 which is equivalent to approximately 14.7% of all
production of goods and state services. According to IBGE, in 2010, GDP per capita of the
municipality was
R$23.053,07. The capital has 77,454 offices from legal companies, covering 1,025,205 employees.
Its metropolitan area has a GDP of approximately US $ 74.16 billion, which represents 34.5% of all
mining GDP in 2006. According to the IBGE, the urban network of influence of the city in the rest of
the country covers 9 1% of the population and 7.5% of the GDP. The influence is seen in 698 cities of
São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. The city is also among the seven cities with the best
infrastructure in the country. Positioned in a logistical axis of Brazil, it is served by a road network and
railway that connects to the main centers and ports of the country. Receives domestic and
international flights at Confins Airport and domestic and regional flights at the Pampulha Airport.
One of the biggest financial centers in Brazil, Belo Horizonte is characterized by the predominance of
the tertiary sector in its economy. More than 80% of the local economy focuses on services,
especially trade, financial services, real estate and public administration. According to IBGE, in 2006
the agricultural sector represented only 0.0005% of all wealth produced in the city. According to
studies by the Inter­Union Department of Statistics and cioeconômicos Studies (Dieese), the state
capital unemployment rate is the lowest among the capitals of Brazil, and the 8.3% rate.
Since the 1970s, there was the arrival of large multinational companies of capital goods and the
migration of industries to the mining area of ​​SUDENE, due to tax incentives. The installation of the
Gabriel Passos Refinery in 1968, together with the installation of FIAT Cars in 1973, the first
automaker outside of Rio and São Paulo, established a large industrial center in Betim, the
metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte. Fiat now leads the production and sales in the country market,
becoming the most important production unit outside Italy. FIAT’s Betim plant is the largest producer
of company vehicles in the world. The startup of the carmaker and its gradual increase of production
was extremely important for the consolidation of the segment of capital goods and durable consumer
goods in Minas Gerais.
The main tourist attractions in Belo Horizonte are:
Pampulha: Lake, Saint Francis church and architectural ensemble
Savassi ­ Boutiques and nightlife
Central Market ­ Tipical food and crafts
Mangabeiras Park ­ One of the largest and most beautiful ecological parks in Belo Horizonte, with
landscape design and signed by Burle Marx
Fair Afonso Pena, known as Hippie Fair (Trade clothing and crafts)
Museum of Mineralogy
Art Museum of Pampulha
Liberty Square

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