In the 60s, with the discovery of one of the largest ore reserves on the planet, in the southeast
of Pará state, the process of exploration and occupation of the region began. In 1970,
Companhia Vale do Rio Doce joined US Steel, American company, and gave rise to the
Amazon Mining SA Thus began the exploration of iron ore, and already in the 80’s Vale began
acting alone in the mining area and now has exclusive rights to exploration of gold and
manganese. In 1981, with the implementation of the Carajás Iron Project, began construction
of Parauapebas village in the river valley that bears the same name. The development was
given accelerated manner and in a few years the small village became a large city and
currently is the second largest in the state.
The region known as Carajás and Serra dos Carajás is a huge mountain range located in the
southeast of Para state. The whole area is part of the mining project called Great Carajás
Project. In the region of Carajás, everything revolves around the mining, thanks to the
presence of the largest reserves of iron mining in the world and the second largest
manganese. On site are also found large reserves of other minerals such as gold, silver,
chromium, nickel, tin, zinc and uranium. As one of the largest state of development poles, the
city attracts investors from many parts of the country. This is the cause why Carajás airport
has a large passenger flow. Built in 1981, the airport is located in Parauapebas and receives
6080 thousand passengers annually. The airport built near the Highway Raymundo
Mascarenhas is considered important town of Parauapebas business infrastructure and is
only 15 km from the city center. Buses and taxis are the best options to get from the airport to
the city center.
The area in which is located the Carajás National Forest has tropical rainy climate with dry
winters. There are five months of drought ranging from July to October. The rainy season
starts in December and runs through April. The months of May and November are transition
periods that alternate between dry and rainy weather.
Ecotourism is strong in the Carajás region, as there are many rivers, parks and ecological
reserves. The Zoo and Botanical Park is one of the local attractions and features several
species of fauna and flora of the Amazon. Another point is the waterfall Dona Beja and the
small beach which is made up of small islands. In the region there are 3 protected areas: the
Environmental Protection Area ice cream, the Tapirapé Biological Reserve and the National
Forest of TapirapéAquiri.