The Caingangues Indians populated the western region of Paraná, which occupation had begun by
the Spanish in 1557, when they founded the Real Ciudad del Guayrá, whose archaeological site is in
the city of Terra Roxa. A new occupation took place from 1730, but the arrival of inhabitants to the
current area of the municipality began in the late 1910, by caboclos settlers and descendants of
Slavic immigrants at the height of yerba mate cycle .
The village began to form on March 28, 1928, when Jose Silverio de Oliveira, the Nho Jeca, leased
part of the land of the settler Antonio Jose Elias, in which lay the crossroads of Gomes, who was a
junction of several trails open by yerba mate, drovers and military, where he set up a warehouse. At
the site of the crossroads is the Plaza Vargas with the representative obelisk from ground zero of the
city. His entrepreneurial spirit was instrumental in the arrival of new people, bringing ideas and
From the 1930s and 1940s, thousands of southern settlers, most descended from Poles, Germans,
Italians, Ukrainians and mestizos coming from coffee regions, began the economic activities such as
logging, farming and raising pigs. The town became a district in 1938.
It is located in the Third Plateau State, in West Paraná region, with an altitude ranging around 815
meters and an area of 2,091 km2. The climate is subtropical mesothermal humid with average annual
temperature around 19 ° C. The maximum average temperature in January is 28.6 ° C. Already the
average low is 11.2 ° C, in July, when frosts occur. There is snow record since the founding of the city
in 1951, 1957, 1960, 1964, 1975, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1992.2000, 2006 and 2013. In the specific case
of Cascavel the average annual temperature is around 19 ° C, and, in the hottest month (January) are
around 25 ° C and the coldest month (July) around 13 ° C. The region of Cascavel consists of an
exception in the third plateau, because most of the municipalities in the western region have climate
CFA. This is due to their considerably high altitude, approaching the altitude of municipalities in the
first and second plateau.
The main economic sector of Cascavel is agribusiness, with more than 4,000 agricultural
establishments. There are still about 14,458 commercial establishments, industrial and services.
Due to its location, the city prospered in trade and service, especially the wholesale sector, health
and higher education. Other branches that have experienced strong growth are the metallurgy and
In 2014 was in 68th place among the municipalities (6 of Paraná) in IFDM Development FIRJAN
Index Municipal21 Study FIRJAN that annually accompanies the socioeconomic development of all
the more than 5000 municipalities in three areas of expertise : Employment and Income, Education
and Health, created in 2008 and based on official government statistics of the Ministries of Labor,
Education and Health.
The many green areas scattered Cascavel encourage the practice of sports and family outings.
Meeting point for locals on weekends, the Ecological Park Paulo Gorski has bike paths, lake for
fishing and boating, zoo and playground. Completing the picture we find the church of Nossa Senhora
de Fatima and the Lake Theatre, with performances for audiences of all ages. The Municipal Park
Danilo Galafassi houses the Natural History Museum and a zoo with over 300 animals. Trails lead to
areas where they are macaws, peacocks, toucans, lions, jaguars, monkeys and deer, and alligators,
turtles and capybara, among others. The Environmental Park is great to take to a waterfall, with
crystal clear water and gazebos. The House Dirceu Rosa, one of the most unusual buildings in the
city, houses the residence and studio of the sculptor and calls attention to the ornate facade. Inside, a
permanent exhibition presents works made of clay, wood, cement and bronze. The Calcadao da
Avenida Brasil has five blocks full of cafés, ice cream parlors, registries and Handicraft Market.