Brazil Destinations, Caxias do Sul

CaxiasdoSul1 tadiellobruno

The history of Caxias do Sul begins before the Italians, even when the region was covered by drovers
and occupied by Indians, called “Field of the Indians.” The occupation by Italian immigrants, mostly
peasants from the Veneto region (Italy), took place from 1875, locating in New Milano. Two years
later, the headquarters of the colony Field of the Indians was named Colonia de Caxias. On June 20,
1890 it was then created the Municipality, and on 24 August the same year, its installation was
honored. Various economic cycles marked the evolution of the municipality throughout this century.
The first one is connected to the strongest feature of his identity: The vine cultivation and wine
production.
On 1 June 1910, Caxias was high city rating and, on the same day came the first train, linking the
region to the state capital.In rural settles subsistence farming that focuses on production of grapes,
wheat and corn, starting industrialization at the domestic level. The entire surplus was sold. Earlier,
grapes and wheat. In 1976, the University of Caxias do Sul, systematic core of culture is created.
Caxias do Sul is today, the centralizing pole in the most diverse region of Brazil, with its settlers, its
vast vineyards, its wineries, its varied industrial park and a rich and dynamic trade; giving this land an
even larger dimension, so that this “Caxias do Sul”, the “Capital of the Mountain”, the “Pearl of the
Colonies”, “Work Hive” is, by itself, the centralizing pole of the Italian brand in southern Brazil.
It is through the Grape and Wine, which Caxias became famous, being the birthplace of state tourism
when, in 1931, launched the largest in the southern party: the Grape Festival. Wine, grapes, cold and
snow, combined with the European climate of these mountains.
Although the effective settlement of the region was initiated in 1876, already two centuries before the
Jesuits had tried to Christianize the area. For various reasons the reductions have failed and the
Indians continued their semi­nomadic life, hence the original name field of the Indians, because they
found traces of old camp.
In 1877, as a tribute to Duque de Caxias, it was called “Colony of Caxias”. In 1884 the colony was
annexed to the Municipality of Sao Sebastiao do Cai. Act No. 257 of June 20, 1890 created the new
municipality under the name of Caxias.
The origin of Caxiense industry took place in 1895 with the work of an Italian young, only 16 years.
Abramo Eberle starts with a small body shop. Due to the great development in 1910, received
connection by rail and the seat was elevated to city status. Caxias do Sul won three titles by the
prominence it has had in our state. Capital of Plateau, Metropolis Wine and Pearl of the Colonies, the
latter is what has become more popular.
Caxias do Sul is a state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. According to the Economics and Statistics
Foundation has an area of ​​1643.9 square kilometers. Is 127 km from the state capital, Porto Alegre,
and 1900 km of Brasilia, the federal capital.
The Caxias do Sul climate is temperate with mild summers, relatively cold winters and frequent frosts.
It can snow in the colder months, but usually with little intensity, but were once abundant rainfall
recorded, with considerable accumulations ­ last between 26 and 27 August 2013 when the
temperature reached 0.2 ° C. The average annual temperature of the city is 16.3 ° C. The hottest
months are January and February, both with an average of 20.6 ° C, while June is the coldest with an
average of 12.1 ° C. The wettest month is August, with an average of 185 mm, and the less rainy is
April with an average of 100 mm.
According to the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET) for the period 1961 to 1984 and from
1988, the lowest temperature recorded in Caxias do Sul was ­3 ° C in the days July 6, 2012 and July
14, 2000 and the highest reached 35.4 ° C on February 7, 2014.
Caxias do Sul is the second Pole Metal­mechanic Brazil and is situated in a privileged position in the
center of MERCOSUR, 120Km far from the state capital. It can be said that the mountain metropolis
has, within 50 km, one of the most diversified industrial parks in the world, making the silverware to
the bus, the luminaire to the truck. The municipality has a total of 29 032 companies, with 127,182
formal jobs. Caxias do Sul, between 2000 and 2004, it came in sixth in job generation in the country.
In 2006 we created 7,700 new formal jobs. Public administration also invests heavily in a variety of
economic development programs. Although the agricultural sector rely on only 7.5% of the
economically active population, the city has programs to encourage the rural production and the
determination of the worker in the field, and the city can boast of being the largest center of
production veg fruit­farmers and the state’s largest agricultural GDP
The attractions of Caxias were divided into six routes. La Città (Urban map) includes the main sights
of the Centre; Trentino valley brings together ten attractions, including wineries, restaurants, hotel
Samuara Park, Museum of Grapes and Wine; Immigrant road has wooden houses and stone from
the beginning of colonization, including the Bonnet House, in Ana Rech, visit the “Village of the
Cribs”, restaurants and Château Lacave; in the Colony Paths are wineries as Zanrosso and Tonet,
and Italian restaurants; Criúva finally has natural pools, waterfalls and trails. All routes are signposted
and it is possible to remove kiosk maps in the main square, bus station, airport and the flag of the
Grape Festival.

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