Brazil Destinations, Cuiabá

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History
Early indications trailblazers from São Paulo in the region in what is now the city date back to 1673 and
1682, when the passage of Manoel de Campos Bicudo. He founded the first settlement in the region,
where the Coxipó river empties into the Cuiabá river, called São Gonçalo.
In 1718, the flag of Pascoal Moreira Cabral he arrived at the scene. In search of indians, Moreira
Cabral sailed upstream the Coxipó river and fought a battle with the Coxiponé indians. As they lost the
battle, the pioneers headed the way back and found gold, thus leaving the capture of indians to devote
to mining.
In 1719, Pascoal Moreira was elected in a direct election in the middles of the jungle as the commander
of the Cuiabá region. On April 8, 1719, Pascoal signed the Cuiaba founding date in the place known as
Forquilha, on the banks of the Coxipó river, in order to guarantee the rights for discovering the Province
of São Paulo. The news of the discovery spread and immigration to the region became intense.
In October 1722, indian slaves of Miguel Sutil found a lot of gold in the banks the Prainha river, more
than found previously in the Forquilha region. The influx of people became great and even the
population from Forquilha moved closer to this new location. In 1723, the first church dedicated to
Senhor Bom Jesus de Cuiaba was already erected and is now the Basilica.
Only after the Paraguay War and the return of the navigation by the basins of the Paraguay, Cuiabá,
and Paraná rivers, the region returned to growth. The economy in this period had its bases in the
production of sugar cane and mining. This production time would not last long and the city was once
again stalled, this time until 1930. Thereafter, the isolation ended with road links with Goias and Sao
Paulo and commercial aviation. The explosion in growth took place after the 1950s, with the transfer of
the federal capital to Brasilia and the settlement program within the country.
The city grew in the 1970s and 1980s, but the services and infrastructure have not kept up this pace.
Agribusiness expanded in the state and the city began to modernize and industrialize. After 1990, the
population growth rate decreased and tourism began to be seen as a good income source.
Geography
The climate is tropical and humid. The rains are concentrated from October to April, while the rest of
the year, between May and September, the dry air masses over central Brazil inhibit the rainy
formations. When cold fronts dissipate the heat associated with the smoke produced by fires set at the
time cause relative humidity drops to impressive levels, sometimes below 15%, increasing the
occurrence of respiratory diseases. The average rainfall is around 1300 mm per year, with maximum
intensity in January, February and March. The maximum temperature can reach 40°C in the warmer
months. The average minimum in July, the coldest month, is 16.6oC.
Cuiabá is famous for its intense heat, although the temperature in autumn and winter can occasionally
fall below 10 ° C, mainly due to cold fronts coming from the south, when it may last only a day or even a
week to soon return to high heat. The average temperature in Cuiabá is around 26oC. It is worth
mentioning that the lowest temperatures are registered during late night.
Economy
The economy of Cuiabá today is concentrated in trade and industry. In trade, retails outstand,
consisting of shops of food, clothing, appliances, objects and other items. The industrial sector is
represented primarily by agribusiness. Many industries, especially those that must be kept away from
populated areas, are installed in the Industrial District of Cuiabá, established in 1978. Agriculture
consists of subsistence crops and fresh produce.
Tourism
Historic Center
Founded in 1719, with the discovery of gold in abundance, Cuiaba has become one of the largest cities
in Brazil in less than two decades. But after the gold rush, the green Brazilian Old West of the capital
had to endure the long years of solitude in these hinterlands. Rua do Meio, Rua de Baixo, Beco do
Candieiro… Cuiabá guard in its streets many relics of the colonial period. In the historic center is also
located the famous boardwalks of Curitiba with projects for revitalization and 24H operation.
Geodesic Center of South America
Demarcated by the Rondon Commission in 1909, the geodesic center of South America is in the old
Field of Ourique ­ today Moreira Cabral square, which is also the Legislative Assembly of Mato Grosso.
The site was once the gallows pole and also a bullfighting field.
War Arsenal
It was created in 1818 by order of King John VI. It was built to be “a military establishment for repair
and manufacture of weapons” as defined by the Royal order.
Metropolitan Cathedral
Inaugurated in 1973, the current cathedral was built on the ruins of the old, a jewel of the colonial
period, which was demolished in an episode still unclear.
Church of the Good Order
The “Notre Dame Cuiabana” is, at least externally, the most beautiful church in the city. Its Gothic style,
unprecedented in much of the country, was defined by a French architect who had complete freedom to
dare. Inaugurated in 1919, the church is still unfinished.
Rosario Church and Chapel of St. Benedict
This is the only baroque church of Cuiabá. It was founded by slaves in 1764. It is the site of the
traditional feast of St. Benedict, which always takes place in July.
Craftsman House
The Artisan’s House is a beautiful sample of Mato Grosso culture. There is a Crafts Museum with
permanent exhibition of mestizo and indigenous parts where tourists can buy souvenirs.
State Park Mãe Bonifácia
77 hectares of green area and several species of flora and typical cerrado vegetation, with several
walking trails.
Located at Avenida Miguel Sutil ­ West Zone ­ 10 minutes from downtown Cuiabá.
Massahiro Okamura Park
7 hectares of green area, and vegetation typical of the cerrado flora, with several walking trails.
Located at Avenida Historian Rubens de Mendonça ­ CPA ­ East Zone.
Ze Bolo Flo Park
Green areas with vegetation typical of the cerrado flora. Located in the Coxipó Bridge, South Zone ­
Coophema, access through Avenida Fernando Correia.
Zoo Park
Located in the thick Mato University, has typical animals of Mato Grosso fauna and wetland.
Thermal Waters
● Tia Nair Park
● Forest Park
● Morro da Luz Park
● Sesi Water Park

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