Curitiba is one of the largest cities in the prosperous Southern region, and its population is largely descended
from German, Ukrainian, Russian, Italian and Polish immigrants. The city is known to urban planners
worldwide for its innovative public transit system.
There is a great cidade velha (old city) in the center which was restored very well for its 319 years, but
unfortunately much of it is covered in graffiti and only a few of the buildings are aesthetically pleasing as a
result. There is a huge arts and crafts fair every Sunday in the old city that is well worth visiting.
Curitiba is a Brazilian city, Paraná state capital, located 934 meters above sea level in the first plateau of
Paraná, approximately 110 km of the Atlantic Ocean, distant 1386 km south of Brasilia, the federal capital.
Founded in 1693, from a small town pioneer, Curitiba became an important stop shopping with the opening of
tropeira road between Sorocaba and Viamão, in 1853, to be the capital of the newly emancipated Paraná
Province. Since then, the city, known for its wide streets, maintained a pace of urban growth strengthened by
the arrival of a lot of European immigrants throughout the nineteenth century, most Germans, Poles,
Ukrainians and Italians, contributing to the cultural diversity that remains today.
The city experienced several urban plans and laws aimed at containing their uncontrolled growth and that led
her to become internationally famous for its urban innovations and care with the environment. The biggest one
was in the public transport, which inspired the system TransMilenio in Bogotá transport system in Colombia.
Curitiba also has high levels of education, the lowest illiteracy rate and best quality in basic education between
capitais. The MasterCard Emerging Markets Index 2008, created with the intention to evaluate and compare
the performance of cities in different functions that connect markets and commerce around the world, said the
city in 49th place among the cities with the greatest influence global. Curitiba was classified by the Green
Cities Index 2015, conducted by Siemens with the Economist Intelligence Unit, as the city more
environmentally Sustainable Latin America. Furthermore, the city was also considered by the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) one of “creative cities” of Brazil in 2014, alongside
Curitiba was also cited in a recent survey published by Forbes magazine as the third most sagacious city in the
world, which considers smart city that cares, jointly, to be environmentally sustainable, quality of life, good
infrastructure and economic dynamism. Curitiba is also one of the most influential Brazilian cities on the global
stage, getting the global city classification range by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network
Curitiba has a temperate climate (Cfb according to the climatic classification of Köppen), with average
temperatures below 18°C in the winter months, falling by 44 times to near 0°C on coldest days. Conversely,
the local climate is also influenced by dry air masses that dominate the southcentral Brazil, bringing cold and
dry weather especially in winter, when the occurrence of frost is common. The rainfall is abundant throughout
the year, without the occurrence of a dry season. Frequent cold fronts coming from Antarctica and Argentina
throughout the year bring tropical storms in summer and cold winds in winter.
Curitiba has a very simple and practical transportation system. Public transportation consists entirely of buses.
A metro line is in construction. There are several different types of bus, each with a different function.
Driving can be difficult for those who are not used to the traffic in Curitiba, especially for first comers. In the
central area, there are many oneway streets, parking restrictions as well as pedestrianonly and busonly
streets. Bus lanes are very common in Curitiba, as the city has over 60 km (38 miles) of them. Most avenues
are wide and have spacious sidewalks and they are mostly laid out in a grid system in the city center area.
Public transportation is probably the best option for those visiting the city. The fare is R$ 2,70 and R$ 1,50 (€
0.55 / U$ 0.70) on Sundays, and you can connect for free between the bus routes if you connect inside the bus
depots or the tube stations. There are also special services, like the City Center Circulator, which costs only R$
1.50 (€ 0.60 / U$ 0.90), the Touristic Route, which serves more than 20 attractions and allows each rider visit 4
of them paying only one fare, although expensive (R$ 35.00) and the Airport Shuttle, operated with minibuses
between Curitiba downtown and Afonso Pena Airport.
Actually the best way to come from the airport to downtown is a city bus lane called “Aeroporto”, which final
stop is on the tube just next to the airport’s main entrance. The fare is R$ 2,70, cheaper than the Airport
Shuttle (R$ 13,00) and way cheaper than by taxi (R$ 60,00).
The public bus system is overcrowded in rush hours.
Many tourist attractions are closed on Monday. The tourist bus does not run on that day either.
Municipal libraries, located at schools or public places, with a reference collection of five thousand books
inspired by two ancient landmarks: the library and the lighthouse from Alexandria. The modular building, with a
metallic structure, has a height of 17 meters and 98 square meters of built area. The internal division is simple:
the ground floor – where the books are, a hall and a spiral staircase, leading to the top of the tower, where
there is a lair, covered with a metallic vault and above it a rooster. The Farol das Cidades, João Gava Street,
s/n° Abranches. MF 9AM9PM, and on Sa 9AM1PM. The only one of its kind, is different from the others
because of its collection, made of videos and CDROMs, equipped with computers and connected to the
Internet and to the City Hall geoprocessing, with free access to the population.