Brazil Destinations, Fóz do Iguaçu (Iguaçu Falls)

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Foz do Iguacu: City of about 263,000 habitants , Foz do Iguaçu is characterized by its cultural diversity.
There are 80 foreign nationalities , and the most significant come from Paraguay , Lebanon , China and
Integrated into the trinational region , Foz do Iguaçu borders with the Argentine city of Puerto Iguazú
and the Paraguayan city of Ciudad del Este.
The basis of the city’s economy is tourism, with emphasis on trade and services. According to research
conducted by the Brazilian Tourism Institute ( Embratur ) and the Economic Research Institute
Foundation ( FIPE ) , 2004-2011 Foz do Iguaçu was considered in the segment ” Leisure ” the 2nd most
visited destination by foreign tourists , behind Rio de Janeiro.
With a plethora of tour options , leisure , gastronomy and a very active night life, Foz do Iguaçu awaits
In 1542, the Spanish Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca reached the Iguaçu river and he followed guided by
Cainganges Indians, reaching the falls and getting the record that was the “discoverer” of the falls.
In 1881, Foz do Iguaçu received their first two inhabitants, the Brazilian Pedro Martins da Silva and the
Spaniard Manuel Gonzales. Shortly after came the brothers Goycochea, who began exploring the yerba
mate. Eight years after it was founded a military colony on the border – a starting point for effective
occupation of the place by Brazilian and what would become the city of Foz do Iguaçu.
On November 22, 1889, Lieutenant Antonio Batista da Costa Júnior and Sergeant José Maria de Brito
founded the military colony, which had the power to distribute land to interested settlers.
In the early years of the twentieth century, the population of Foz do Iguaçu reached about 2,000 people
and the village had an inn, four grocery stores, a rustic military barracks, lace table and telegraph
station, sugar and cachaça mills and agriculture livelihood.
In 1910, the military colony passed to the condition of “Vila Iguassu”, Municipality of Guarapuava
district. Two years later, the War Minister emancipated Cologne, making it a civilian population delivered
to the Paraná government care, which then created the State tax office of the Village.
On March 14, 1914, by Law 1383, the municipality of Vila Iguaçu, effectively installed on 10 June of the
same year, with the inauguration of the first mayor, Jorge Schimmelpfeng, and the first City Council was
created. The city started to be called “Foz do Iguaçu” in 1918.
Foz do Iguaçu is a municipality in the state of Paraná, which is the seventh most populous, with 263,647
inhabitants, according to estimates of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The
road distance to the state capital is 643 quilômetros.2 Its area is 617.701 km2 of which 61,200 km2 are
in perimeter urbano.8
According to the article published by Exame magazine in March 2014 is the third destination of foreign
tourists in country9 and the first in the southern region.
Internationally known for Iguaçu Falls, one of the winners of the contest that chose the 7 Wonders of
Natureza10 and the Itaipu Hydroelectric Plant, the second largest in the world in size and first in power
generation, which in 1996 was considered one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World by the American
Society of Civil Engineers.
The seat has an average annual temperature of 20.4 ° C. The vegetation of the municipality is the
Atlantic Forest and Cerrado. With an urbanization rate of about 99.00%, the city had in 2009 with 55
health facilities. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.751.
It integrates an urban area with more than 700 thousand inhabitants, also made up of Ciudad del Este,
Paraguai11 and Puerto Iguazú, in Argentina12
The main sources of Foz do Iguaçu income are tourism , which also leverages trade and the provision of
services in the region, and the generation of electricity. It is the second destination for foreign tourists
in country9 and the first in the southern region .
Foz do Iguaçu is internationally known for its attractions, which bring Brazil and worldwide visitors. The
most famous of these is the set of drops called Iguaçu Falls in Iguaçu National Park (World Natural
Heritage listed by UNESCO), the Binational Itaipu Hydroelectric (largest dam in the world in annual
energy production), Marco of Three Borders, the Iguaçu River in the Paraná River (area where the
borders of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay meet), the International Friendship Bridge (border between
Brazil and Paraguay) and the Brotherhood Bridge (border between Brazil and Argentina) the Bird Park
(approximately 900 birds of 150 species), among others.
Besides the traditional attractions of the city, another factor attracting tourists is the possibility of
buying products with reduced prices in neighboring Ciudad del Este. Throughout the year is large
sacoleiros flow (as they are known people who buy in bulk for resale in Paraguay in Brazil) crossing the
Friendship Bridge just to buy, since they usually spend the night in Foz.
Another attraction offered by neighboring cities is the opportunity to know the Argentinean side of the
Falls; Nearby you can also attend the casinos, activity prohibited in Brazil.