Macaé is a city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located 180 km northeast of the state capital. Its
population was 229,624 inhabitants in 2014. It has a total area of 1 215.904 km2. It is known as the
National Petroleum Capital
Featuring 23 kilometers of coastline, the weather is hot and humid most of the year, with
temperatures ranging between 23 ° C and 38 ° C, considerable temperature range, caused by the
exchange of winds between the coast and the mountains, relatively close . It is also known as the
“Princess of the Atlantic”
Sambaquis discoveries in Imbetiba Beach confirm the zone was already populated by Indians
thousands of years ago. When the early settlers of European origin arrived on the scene in the
sixteenth century, they found two rival tribes: the tamoios and goitacás.
The lands were part of the current municipality of São Tomé Captaincy, ranging from Itabapoana Rio
to Rio Macaé and was named “Macahe”.
Its population of European origin began in 1614, when Portugal was under daEspanha domain. To
prevent invasions of enemies, created a village of Indians catechized.
The first records of the Jesuits in Macaé date back to 1634. In the beginning was founded on the
sidelines of the Macaé River and near the Morro de Sant’Anna, an agricultural farm, which, over the
years, became known as “Farm Macahe” .
In the base of the hill, between it and the river rose a sugar mill with all dependencies and needed
crops. Apart from sugar, producing cassava flour in quantity and extracted madeirapara naval
constructions and buildings. At the top of the hill they were built a school, a chapel and a small
cemetery, which guard until today, the remains of some Jesuits. In 1759, the farm was incorporated
into the assets of the Portuguese crown by Judge Joao Cardoso de Menezes. On this occasion, the
Jesuits were expelled from Brazil, imposition made by the Marques of Pombal.
In 1813, it was elevated to municipality and in 1846, the Macaé village went to town status. As sugar
and coffee production expanded a lot and the Port of São João da Barra was not giving movement’s
account, began then in 1844, the construction of the Canal CamposMacaé, with 109 km.
On April 11, 1832 the famous English naturalist Charles Robert Darwin, after months of travel on the
ship Beagle, coming with his assistants the lakes region on horseback and after passing by St. John
bar (Casimiro de Abreu District) He felt bad and to reach Macae, due to strong exhaustion, fainted
and was taken to the town located three kilometers south of the entrance to the Rio Macaé (Imbetiba
Beach, where today there is Petrobras Base). In this place, Darwin spent the night in a shop called
“Sale of Mato” and the next day, went to the “Treasury Socego”, owned by Manuel Figueiredo, whose
daughter was married to a Scot named Lawrie, who met in Darwin Rio de Janeiro. In this farm, today
the municipality of Conceição de Macabu, Darwin collected insects and reptiles that have been
cataloged and incorporated its renowned collection and formed the basis for his most notable
publication, “The Origin of Species” (On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The
Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) published in 1859.
1873 creation of Sociedade Musical Nova Aurora.
In 1875, it was built the Railroad Estrada de Ferro MacahéCampos Co.
The railroad brought new impetus and, later, the tracks of the railway Leopoldina.
From 1974, with the discovery of oil in the Campos Basin, the city, which remained rural, began
undergoing profound changes in its economy and culture, getting large numbers of people from
around the country and the world in order to meet the growing demand of this city for skilled labor, to
date not been fully supplied, making the salaries offered in the city and attractive.
Despite receiving large amount of skilled labor, it is also a great number of unskilled people seeking
the city in search of the promise of employment, not always served by demanding labor market. Many
of these people end up staying in the city, and without getting the dream job, just increasingly
populating the slums of the city, which alarmingly increasing every day. The government’s inability, or
lack of a public policy to create affordable housing, reform the public transport system, ensuring basic
sanitation as well as enhancing security in the city, also contributes to the lack of quality of life of most
of the Macae population.
Macaé is experiencing a population boom since the 1970s, when Petrobras Macaé chose to host its
operations in the Campos Basin. More than four thousand companies have settled in the city and the
population was multiplied ten there are now over 200 000 inhabitants. Emerged luxury hotels and a
number of enterprises in the service sector, especially in the restaurant business. Business tourism
Oil is greater economic strength of Macaé. The next two years, Petrobras’ goal is to produce 2 million
and 200 thousand barrels of oil per day. By 2010, Petrobras invested $ 25.7 billion in the Campos
Basin, equivalent to 80% of the company’s resources in exploration and production for all Brazil.
The city’s economy has grown 600% since 1997.  A survey carried out in 2007 by the
IBGE showed that the Gross Domestic Product per capita of the town was 36,000 dollars per year,
200% higher than the average nacional.6 The city attracts companies from around the country and
the world: the city recently received four luxury hotels (Blue Tree, Sheraton, Comfort and Royal).
Research by the Institute of Applied Economic Research pointed out the city like the one that has
developed in the last decade in the RioSão Paulo axis. For its great economy, Macaé was chosen by
the newspaper Gazeta Mercantil as the most dynamic city in the state, taking into account the Human
In 2004, the Getulio Vargas Foundation pointed Macaé as the second best Brazilian city to work. The
city also received the title of Child Friendly City in recognition of activities in the areas of education
and health. The award was given by the Pan American Health Organization.
Macaé hosts the Brazil Offshore trade show that brings together nearly 500 companies in the oil
sector from 50 countries. The fair is held in the Journalist Roberto Marinho Convention Center, the
second largest in the state, built on an area of 110 thousand square meters in São José do Barreto
The growth brought (and still brings) also thousands of people from other regions, mostly without any
professional qualifications, which they hoped to find work sick. But the reality is that the supply of jobs
is great for anyone who enjoys good professional qualification, being a minimum, almost always, the
knowledge of English. These migrants helped to greatly increase the size and the amount of slums in
the city, under the complacent eyes of welfare and municipal governments followed during which the
In addition, Macaé won on September 11, 2008, Shopping Plaza Macaé, a mall that by owning major
stores, including major international franchises. This mall, offering more trade options for the city and
region, creates the expectation of further development for the city’s economy
There are several sights of this city, beginning to wake up to this market so well exploited by
countries of “First World”, thanks to private initiative. The city has a lot of potential, but the large
revenue earned by the oil industry in the city ends up diminishing the interest of city governments to
Some of these sights are:
Cabeceira do Sana (Head of Sana) Arraial do Sana is a district of Macaé, known for its forests and
waterfalls. It has several campsites. You can go rafting and rappelling on site.
Solar de Monte Elisio: The solar Monte Elisio has featured in Macau urban setting. The building was
erected at the foot of a small hill on Avenida Santos Moreira Araújo Viscount neighborhood. Today is
the seat of the Institute of Our Lady of Glory (Castle). Its construction took place in 1852, following the
neoclassical and inside, especially the wooden staircase, with the initials of Visconde de Araújo.
Fort Marechal Hermes : It is not known the date of construction of the Fort Marechal Hermes. They
say it was built in 1761, but some say it was in 1725. This fort, built to defend the coast Macanese
Buccaneers suffered reform in 1908, being inaugurated in 1910, taking the name of Hermes
Rodrigues da Fonseca. The guided tours of the fort are allowed.I
The Imbetiba lighthouse was restored in 1999. The old lighthouse was built in 1880 to meet the needs
of the Port of Imbetiba, which operated as an outlet of agricultural production in the Baixada Camper
and Macaé. Visits are allowed and access is through Petrobras Clover in Camper beach.
The Sierra de Macaé is a set of municipal districts which has among other attractions waterfalls,
canoeing events and traditional festivals in honor of the patron. Its main access is through the RJ168
Exhibition Park Latiff Mussi
The Exhibition Park Latiff Mussi is the town of Sao Jose do Barreto and is considered the third best in
the country park in infrastructure. It has 80, 000 square meters and among the events held, is the
Expo Macaé, with rodeo and popular Brazilian music shows top notch.
Church of St. Anne: The Church of Sant’Anna, according to an old legend (legend of the runaway
saint), which says that the main door was facing west, to prevent the saint of the same name, fleeing
the altar, as its image was found at Island Santana and as the main facade was formerly facing east,
the holy missed their island and disappeared (fleeing) the altar of the church, always being found
again in Santana Island, then they changed the facade of the church to the opposite side where the
saint could not catch sight of their place of origin, and could no longer escape. The holy image
disappeared in the 1990s and was never found. Building with construction dated 1630, is located on a
hill from where one can glimpse the entire city, next to a cemetery of the same name. In the mid
2000s, it was installed a replica of the famous statue of Christ the Redeemer] in Rio de Janeiro near
The traditional procession of the Lord of the Dead Lord that runs through the streets of the city center
every Friday of the Passion, this temple has its point of departure and arrival.
The church was built by priests Company of Jesus (Jesuits).
Event now celebrated by electric trios promoted by the city in some parts of the city, parades
pintadinhos14 oxen, carnival groups, the parade of samba schools, held at Verde.15 Line Among the
largest schools in the city are the Imperial Castle, champion in 2011 and the Empire Bar, champion in
Macaé is a city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located 180 km northeast of the state capital. Its