macapa  macapa2

Macapá is a city in Brazil and the capital of Amapá state in the country’s North Region. Macapá has a population of 499,166 in its metropolitan area, the third largest in the North Region.
The city alone accounts for 60% of the population of state of Amapá and 3.50% of the population of
the entire northern region of Brazil. According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of
397,913, of which 97.92% live in urban areas and 2.08% live in rural districts. With an area of 6,563
square kilometres (2,534 sq mi), the population density of Macapá is approximately 60.62 inhabitants
per km 2.
It is located on the northern channel of the Amazon River near its mouth on the Atlantic Ocean. The
city is on a small plateau on the Amazon in the southeast of the state of Amapá and has few land
connections to other parts of Brazil. The equator runs through the middle of the city, leading residents
to refer to Macapá as “The capital of the middle of the world.” It covers 6,407.12 square kilometres
(2,473.80 sq mi) and is located northeast of the large inland island of Marajó and south of the border
of French Guiana. Macapá is a corruption of the Tupi word macapaba, or “place of many bacabas”, the fruit of the local
palm tree. The Spaniard Francisco de Orellana claimed the region in 1544 and called it Nueva
Andalucía (New Andalusia). The modern town began as the base of a Portuguese military
detachment, stationed there in 1738. On February 4, 1758 Sebastião Veiga Cabral, the illegitimate
child of the military governor of Trás­os­Montes, Sebastião Veiga Cabral, founded the town of São
José de Macapá, under the authority of the governor of Pará, Francisco Xavier de Mendonça
Furtado. The fortress of São José de Macapá was first laid out in 1764, but took 18 years to
complete, due to illness among the Indian workers, and numerous escapes made by black slaves.
Macapá was elevated to city status in 1854.[1]
The Macapá region includes large tracts of tropical rainforest and experiences relatively high rainfall.
Macapá features a tropical monsoon climate (Am) under theKöppen climate classification, with a
lengthy wet season from December through August, and a relatively short dry season that covers the
remaining three months. However, a noticeable amount of rain is observed even during the dry
season, a trait common to a number of other areas with this climate.[10] Average temperatures are
relatively consistent throughout the year, hovering around 23 °C (73 °F) in the mornings[11] and 31 °C
(88 °F) in the afternoon.
Apa do Curiaú (8 km from the city center). A quilombola village of descendants of escaped slaves,
which continues its traditional commemorations such as Marabaixo. You can also try gengibirra, a
drink made from cachaça and ginger
Fort Park (Parque do Forte) (next to the fort). Park with walkways along the riverbank, playground,
fountain and lawns
Marco Zero (Right south of the city). Where the equator comes through, and even crosses a football
Sacaca Sustainable Development Museum (Museu Sacaca do Desenvolvimento Sustentável),
São José de Macapá Fort (Fortaleza de São José de Macapá). Completed in 1782 to protect Brazil
from external invasion on the Amazon River. It is a cultural heritage site recognized by IPHAN but is
not very well preserved. It is possible to visit the various spaces inside, see rusty iron cannons,
appreciate the view of the Amazon river, and visit temporary exhibits. You can also visit the
archeological excavations outside
There are a number of small beaches around the city, particularly popular on Sundays. The easiest to
access is Fazendinha, with direct buses from the centre
Casa do Artesão, Av. Francisco Azarias Neto, ☎ +55 96 3212­9156. Handcrafts from indigenous
tribes in the region, wicker furniture, and ceramic works covered in rubber, known as balata
Macapá­Santana Free Zone (Zona Franca de Macapá­Santana), Rua Cândido Mendes with Rua
São José. Free trade area with a great diversity on imported products.