Maceio ‘is a Brazilian city, the state capital of Alagoas, located in the northeast of the country. It
occupies an area of 510.655 Sq.Km. It is the most populous city of Alagoas, and its population in
2014, estimated by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. With ten other municipalities in
Alagoas, the metropolitan area of Maceió, totaling approximately 1,160,393 inhabitants in 20077, the
most populous of Alagoas, the 17th nationwide and 73 of the American continent.
The city has an average annual temperature of 25 to 29 degrees Celsius
It is located on the coastline of the eastern Northeast, inserted in the areas of the Atlantic. It extends
over an area of approximately 500 km2, of which 212 square kilometers comprise its urban area.
Its altitude ranges from 0 meters above sea level and 20 meters in the coastal plain, passing it
between 20 and 180 meters on the slopes and on the tops of the trays and 300 meters at the top of
Serra da Saudinha on the northern edge of the city.
Maceio has an archipelago of nine islands which they Irenaeus, Admiral, Bora Bora, Fire, One
Coconut Only, Santa Rita, Santa Marta, Cabras, Swallows, one of which runs a hotel complex, which
are a major maceioenses tourist attractions. These islands were formed by sediment left by the
Mundaú River and Rio Paraiba do Meio, that have accumulated, forming the archipelago
Maceió is the main city in the state and currently lives an intense economic and infrastructure growth,
and a city considered the regional capital, according to urban ahierarquia Brazil. It is the largest
Brazilian producer of salt. Its diversified industrial sector is composed of the chemical, sugar and
alcohol, cement and food. It has agricultural and natural gas and oil extraction. It has the highest
gross domestic product of the state, 9,143,488 000reais: the 41 largest in Brazil.
The festivities held in the city each year attract a huge amount of tourists. They can mention the
Maceio Forro and Folia, Maceió Music Festival and the now defunct carnival event Maceió Fest9 in
addition to their Christmas parties and New Year’s Eve reveillons as Absolute, the New Year’s Eve
and New Year’s Eve Allure Celebration.10Conta with important monuments, museums such as the
Floriano Peixoto Palace Museum, the Theo Brandao Museum, the Deodoro Theatre. It was spun off
in 1839 from the old village of St. Mary Magdalene South Alagoa, current city of Marechal Deodoro.
Always known as “CitySmile” and “Paradise Waters”, is now regarded as the “Brazilian Caribbean”
due to its natural beauty that attract tourists from around the world.
Maceió is the fastest growing city in the Northeast, 4th in Brazil and 71 in the world. Accelerated
growth which can make the capital of Alagoas on 3rd most populated city in the Northeast. Challenge
for local authorities, who are investing heavily in the tourism industry, to improve the income and the
welfare of Alagoas
Around the year 1000, the tapuias Indians who inhabited the region of the current city of Maceio were
driven into the mainland by tupisprocedentes peoples of the Amazon. In the sixteenth century, when
the first Europeans arrived in the region, it was occupied by one of these Tupi peoples: the caetés
In the seventeenth century, beginning of Portuguese colonization, Portuguese ships docked where
today is located the Jaragua district of the port, where they were loaded woods of the coastal forests.
The port also served later for the shipment of sugar produced by local mills.
Before its founding in 1609, Manoel Antonio Duro lived in what is now the Pajuçara neighborhood,
taking it, the CaptainGeneral of St. Mary Magdalene, Diego Soares, one allotment.
Later, in 1673, the land changed owners. The king of Portugal determined, the Viscount of
Barbacena, the construction of a fort in the district of Jaragua. Thus, there was a major development
in the region and the small town received a small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Joy, now patron of
The village of Maceio was spun off on December 5, 1815 the then village of St. Mary Magdalene
South Alagoa, or simply Vila de Alagoas, current city of Marechal Deodoro. On December 9, 1839,
there was the elevation to city status, mainly because of the development arising from the operation
of the port of Jaragua, a natural harbor which facilitated the mooring of vessels, where they were
exported sugar, tobacco, coconut and spices. On December 16, 1839, it inaugurated the city of
Maceió, being its first mayor Augustine da Silva Neves.
After the village be awarded the symbolic act of the trunk of the Provincial Treasury transfer whose
initiative came from the ombudsman Battle, given the continued site development process, Maceió
was to become the capital of the Alagoas Province
With the political emancipation of Alagoas, the new governor of the captaincy, Sebastião de Melo and
Póvoas, initiated the transfer of the capital to the city of Maceio, but there was resistance from the
chamber and public men men. On December 16, 1839, military expeditions of the states of
Pernambuco and Bahiaforam to Macedonia to ensure order and the government transfer to the city.
But with the change of capital, Maceio was invaded on October 4, 1844 by guerrilla forces
commanded by José Thomaz Costa, at Calheiros priest and the lawyer Lucius, the North Village.
Sousa Franco, then president of the province, countered with troops of the new capital. On October 5,
1844, other troops attacked the capital. The guerrilla troops invaded the city streets and made
demands on the president, who did not accept the claims. The counterattack caused the invading
troops to retreat. The retreat of troops huts made Vincent de Paul take charge of the huts troops. New
contingents of cabanos again attacked Maceio on October 21, 1844 at 7:00. The troops invaded the
British consulate and hold the viceconsul Diogo Burnett. The attack had passed on to the capital of
The scandal of the consulate invasion caused the major Sergio Tertullian came from Pernambuco to
strengthen the defenses of Maceio. A major report on the conflict was made. He showed the panic
the population and the blockade of the city’s entrances. He made a new counterattack with the huts
troops were defeated and the main leaders were killed cabanos
Occurred on February 1, 1912. The Breaking of Shango also has other names such as “Day Break”
and “Breakbreak”. Many historians and scholars prefer to call it “Break 1912”. Was the destruction of
all africanBrazilian houses of worship existing in the capital. The historiographical references to the
fact they are in the articles published in Witchcraft session of Hosea Rosas, the now defunct Journal
of Alagoas. Terreiros were raided and sacred objects were removed and burned in the public square;
parents and holy mothers were beaten publicly.
The capital was considered predominant role of the Catholic Church in the formation of Alagoas
territory, no one knows for sure the number of destroyed terraces, killed people or those responsible
for the fact. The move was inflated by the League of Combatants Republicans was a civil entity that
committed illegal acts such as invasion of official houses, shootings, intimidation.
The twentieth century brought tourism as the main source of income of the whole municipality. The
city has beautiful beaches and crystal clear waters full of coconut trees, lagoons, a rich gastronomy,
numerous monuments and cultural buildings, the kindness of its people and its good infrastructure,
among others. In the 1930s, he drew attention for the great literary movement with the participation of
José Lins do Rego, Rachel de Queiroz, Graciliano Ramos among others. After that Maceio has
consolidated its administrative and political development, initiating a new stage in trade and
In the 1950s, it was built on the beach of Pajuçara, the yacht Pajussara Club, a recreational club and
nautical training. One of the founding members of this club was one of the most renowned state
teachers, Odorico Maciel. In it, Alagoas were proms, carnival balls and many parties and gatherings
of Alagoas elite. One of the best known sights of Maceió was located in the Ponta Verde beach, the
The Rhea, a coconut tree born crooked seaside in the beach curve, and had the shape of the neck of
a rhea, which gave him a special feature and that served as inspiration for many photographers and
designers; It was overthrown by the advance of the sea in the early 1960.Era the location of meetings
between lovers in the 1950s and 1960s now in place there is a club, Alagoas Yacht Club, dividing
point between the beaches of Ponta Verde and Sete Coqueiros .
On July 17, 1997, thousands of civil servants protested against the devaluation of workers to the then
governor Divaldo Suruagy. They demanded improvement in working conditions in public offices and
the lack of back pay. Desperate, many servers have committed suicide after six months without pay,
military and civilians joined in a gun battle near Alagoas the Legislative Assembly, which was
protected by troops of the Army. There was riot in the streets and finally came the fall of Suruagy
governor; the fact became known as “The fall of Suruagy”
Maceio suffered a wave of violence causing terror among the population on 14 December 2011.
trawlers, which were later given as rumors by the police and the state government, killing traders and
fire four buses left the prisons where are stuck factions doPrimeiro Command of the Capital, as stated
by Governor Teotonio Vilela Filho.
The alleged trawler in Maceio Center at 11 am on 18 December 2011 meant that shops close their
doors during the week of Christmas. According to the population, about 15 armed men circulated by
promoting trade rounds, taking up shot toward stores. After the turmoil, more than 40 military began
searching the criminals, but nothing was found. In a statement issued at 13:41, the Association of
Commercial Alliance Maceio denied the trawler noCentro of Maceio.
With this, the city suffered losses of 10 percent in sales the week of Christmas. The Association of
Commercial Alliance Maceio held a meeting with the governor of the state to resolve the problem of
Later, the Ministry of Social Defense delivered a helicopter to the Military Police of Alagoas to conduct
air patrols throughout the city. Several prisoners were transferred to prisons from neighboring states.
State public security organs already planning measures to combat the high rates of violence in the
city and state
The municipality is rich in salt and has a diverse industrial sector (chemical, sugar and alcohol,
cement and food), and the agricultural and natural gas extraction and petroleum. Municipalities near
Maceio, as Marechal Deodoro, Pilar and São Miguel dos Campos also have similar economies, more
on the mining Natural gas and oil. Alagoas is one of the largest natural gas producers in Brazil.
In 2004, the gross domestic product of capital was around 6.7 billion reais at the time the fifth largest
among the capitals of the Northeast region of Brazil, a significant number that was highlighted for
coming before the “boom” of trade and tourism in Maceio, which occurred with the opening of several
hypermarkets, hotels, a convention center and the new International Airport Zumbi dos Palmares.
The expectation is that the next figures are even more encouraging. In 2010, the potential rate of
consumption of the capital of Alagoas (0.52977) had the fourth position among the northeastern cities
and twentieth position among all municipalities brasileiros. Though he is urbanized, the city has many
vacant areas, mainly in the north, emerging space for the creation of large sugar cane fields, as exists
in the neighborhood of Benedito Bentes.
The primary sector of the economy is supported by the monoculture of sugarcane, occupying almost
the entire rural area of the municipality. However, their participation in the production, harvested area
and economy is not considered representative, expressing itself in only 0.02 percent of the state total
(Alagoas, 2002) .In mainly coastal, and in some isolated areas of the trays and the slopes stand out
the coconut tree and some orchard crops such as cashew, mango and jackfruit. The data contained
in the Agricultural Census of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics 1995/1996 show little
diversification of the productive sector.
Another highlight in the city’s economy is tourism. Maceio has a great potential to attract tourists due
to its natural beauty and cultural diversity. In addition, Maceió offers several leisure options and
modern spaces for business, such as the new Cultural Center and Maceio Exhibition in Jaragua
neighborhood. In September 2005, it was inaugurated Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport, one
of the most modern in Brazil. The neighborhood Jaragua was very popular during the late 90s, with
major investments from Maceió city hall. Today, the Jaragua is a business district, endowed with
banks, museums and colleges. Nordeste Invest in tourism and real estate investment internationally
event took place in Maceió in the editions of 2006 and 2009.
In 2011 and early 2012, hotels in the city were 100 percent occupancy. With Viva project Summer of
the Municipal Sporting Goods in partnership with the Social Service of Commerce, is intended to
carry out sports and leisure activities, encouraging tourism and the esporte.65
The 2011/2012 cruise season began in Singapore in November 2011 and continued until March
2011, bringing about 100,000 cruise passengers throughout the season. Maceió received
transatlantic Costa Fortuna, Costa Magica, Costa Pacifica, Costa Celebration, Grand Holiday, Grand
Mistral, Music MSC, MSC Orchestra, Ocean Dream, Splendour Of The Seas, Crystal Synphony,
Artania and Victoria, and a record for the city . In 2011, only seven ships to the city.
Maceio has a remarkable culture, mainly represented by its rich folklore, in addition, of course, their
artists, writers and musicians just like Djavan, Hermeto Pascoal, Graciliano Ramos, Jorge de Lima.
Among the folklore there are amusements such as: Caboclinho, Carvalhada, Chegança, Alagoas
Coco, Feast of Kings, Warrior, Pastoral, Reisado, Quilombo, Zabumba, and also the crafts
represented by the filet and the pottery that charms everyone for their creativity, originality and
The city has many places of commercialization of their culture and crafts, Maceió in 2002 was chosen
as the capital of culture, such as Feirinha Pajuçara, Market Feirinha and Earth smell, this one
following a fire in December 2005, He was transferred from Jatiúca, for Ponta Verde and now is
located in Jaragua, with the Warriors Craft name in Piazza Sinimbu Viscount.
In 2002 was the American Capital of Culture, the first city in Brazil selected.
Maceio ‘is a Brazilian city, the state capital of Alagoas, located in the northeast of the country. It