Brazil Destinations, Marabá

 maraba  maraba2

Maraba is a municipality located within the state of Pará. It is south of the state capital, about 485
kilometers away. Its location on a benchmark, the meeting point between two major rivers, Tocantins
and Itacaiunas, forming a kind of “y” within the town, view from above. It is basically formed by six
urban districts connected by highways.
The settlement of the Maraba region occurred in the late nineteenth century with the arrival of Goias
and Maranhao immigrants. The municipal emancipation occurred in 1913, with its dismemberment of
the municipality of Baião. The development of the city over a long period was given by the extraction
plant, but with the discovery of the Carajás Mineral Province, Maraba has developed very quickly,
becoming a municipality with strong industrial vocation, agricultural and commercial. Today Maraba is
interconnected by three highways to the national territory (BR­222, BR­230 and PA­150), by air, rail
and river.
Maraba ‘has approximately 233,462,000 inhabitants according to the IBGE / 2010, and the 4th
maiorPIB the state, with 3593892005000, its HDI is 0.714, considered average by UNDP / 2000 and
its per capita income in 2008 was 17 974 31. It is the main socio­economic center of southeastern
Pará and one of the most dynamic cities in Brazil.
Maraba is characterized by its broad mixture of people and cultures that lives up to the popular
meaning of his name: “son of the mixture.” The city is also known as Poem City because his name
was inspired by the poem “Maraba” written by poet Gonçalves Dias.
The history of Maraba starts at he arrival of the backwoods drug dealers and political leaders
displaced from northern Goyaz province, to the present day. Although its territory is continuously
inhabited since prehistoric times by nomadic Indians, the region remained virtually untouched until the
early 1890s, with rare contacts with European and Girl Scouts, which since the sixteenth century
exploring the region.
The first official attempt at colonization occurred in 1808, when in a Dom decree approves the
creation of the Captaincy of Saint John and Duas Barras Theotônio Insured appoints ombudsman for
the same. The captaincy existed between 1808 and 1814, and included the territories of the Brazilian
states of Tocantins, in the captaincy time of Goyaz, and the southern portion of the captaincy of
Grand Para. During the period that held the status of captaincy, had two seats, one of which the town
of Barra do Tacay­Una, current Maraba
Occupying an area of ​​15,092.268 square kilometers, Maraba currently has 251,885 inhabitants, is the
tenth most populated city of the Amazon. Located in the southeast of Pará, in the micro region of
Maraba.
The city of Maraba experienced several economic cycles. Until the early 1980s the economy was
based on the extraction plant. Earlier the extraction revolved around the rubber latex, whose
profitable exploitation attracted large numbers of Northeast. Since the late nineteenth century (1892)
by the end of the 1940s, the extraction was marked by the rubber boom that greatly contributed to the
economy of the municipality and the region, however, the crisis of rubber led the municipality to a new
cycle this time, the cycle of brown­and­stop, who led for years the municipal economy. There was
also the cycle of diamonds, in the 1920s and 1940s, which were mainly found on the river Tocantins.
With despontamento of Serra Pelada and located in the largest mineral province in the world, Maraba
also lived the cycle of mining, which had the most prominent, gold extraction. Since the early 1970s
the city started to experience the installation of Grande Carajas Project, and later of steel
metallurgical industries, which greatly boosted the local economy.But since mid­2008 the municipality
has suffered severe impacts of the Great Economic recession hitting the global financial system. The
city, a major northern industrial parks in Brazil, faces a strong process of deindustrialization, with the
closing nine of its 11 steel­metallurgical. Crisis reflux effects further deepened the economic abyss of
Maraba, which since 2011 also faces a bubble imobiliária49 and a deep fiscal crisis.
Today, Maraba is the economic and administrative center of the region known as “the Amazon
agricultural frontier” ­ the largest producer of Brazilian agricultural daamazônia commmodities.
Livestock farming based on cattle breeding, is a very important activity for the city, and ensure the
livelihoods of the population, provides the regional and local development by creating large­scale,
being marketed in several Brazilian regions and also abroad. Local herd is featured for its quality, one
of the most significant state cattle herds, arising result of cutting edge technology use in the selection
and fertilization. It also hogs, horses and sheep, as well as large poultry for slaughter.
The fishing industry also has a relative role in the local economic base, exporting its surplus for the
entire North and Northeast. The county agriculture is diverse, with production of cereals, legumes and
oilseeds, such as Brazil­Brazil, maize, rice and beans, fruits such as banana, papaya and caja.
A major source of income for the city is tourism. The city has several tourist attractions, especially its
major rivers that besides the beaches offer sport fishing and water sports.
Praia do Tucunaré One of the best entertainment options the city is one of the most visited tourist
sites. Emerging from the ebb of the Tocantins River, shortly after the rainy season the beach
occupies an area of ​​approximately 5 square kilometers, of which three quarters are of fine sand and a
vegetable training room. Situated opposite the core of Maraba pioneer, the island’s sands are
beginning to be sighted in mid­April, but it is the high season in July, the demand is greater, making it
the main attraction.
Parque Zoobotânico de Marabá is a large preserved green area which is close to the urban
area. Yet little visited and known, it has a great diversity of fauna and flora.
Praia do Geladinho Beach located in the urban district of Sao Felix, also appears to decrease
the level of the river Tocantins waters. Its location contrasts with the view of the Joint Bridge
Maraba, seeping the extracted ore from Serra dos Carajás..
Igreja de São Félix de Valois was the first chapel built in Maraba, such as payment of a promise
made by Francisco Acacio, in the 1920s The first building was destroyed by the flood of 1926 and
another church was erected on the same site. It was the first historical heritage of the city, listed on 5
April 1993. It is located in Sao Felix Square in the center.
Palacete Augusto Dias seat of the legislative branch was built in the 30s to serve as
headquarters of the City Hall, City Hall and the Forum. It was turned into a museum.
Fundação Casa da Cultura e Museu Histórico­Antropológico
The House of Culture Foundation of Maraba (FCCM) is a teaching and research institution
headquartered in the city. Maintained by Maraba prefecture, is primarily engaged in the research and
regional historical rescue, the largest and best structured type institution in southeast Pará (Carajás
region). In addition to teaching and research plays historical museum functions, anthropological and
natural. It is one of the most respected institutions in the north and northeast of Brazil in the context of
research, rescue and environmental and historic preservation
The Marabá cuisine differs a bit of Pará cuisine, but has many elements of this, mainly because the
entire state has indigenous influence here. However, in Maraba, some fall under up dishes with the
rest of Pará, both by cultural factors as by ethnic factor. One example is that the population had
active participation of Northeastern, miners, Goiás, Palestinians and Lebanese, who brought 161 to
Maraba their customs and their types of food.
They are the main delicacies of local cuisine and those that were part of the customs: Marizabel,
Guarana natural juice from the Amazon, Tucunaré the Brazil Nut milk, Cozidão of Bagre, sfiha, sweet
rice and couscous.
There are still many typical sweets: Cake head black, chestnut biscuits, candied nuts, cupu cream,
mungunzá and chestnut pie.
Music and literature Due to the intense migration have brought Brazilians from all over to the
municipality, the local culture differed from the traditional Pará culture, including music. You can
observe the preference for backcountry genres, forró and reggae, distancing himself rather tacky
musical style that is prevalent in Para.
The influence of other cultures also happened in the field of literature. Mixtures arising from migration
has caused the production of literature and art and a different quality, ie, a positive significance of
migration developments as cultural productivity enriched crosswalks. The main exponents of local
literature are Ademir Braz and Frederick Morbach.

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