Brazil Destinations, Marilia

 marilia  marilia2

Marilia is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is located in the Midwest Paulista region. It has an
area of ​​1.170,054 square kilometers, of which 23,040 are in urban areas. The city of Marilia is composed of the
districts of Amadeu Amaral, Avencas, Dirceu, Lazio, Father Nobrega and Rosalia, besides the district
headquarters.
By the early twentieth century, the city was inhabited by Indians crowned. Since then, the region was occupied
by farms café8. In 1923, Antonio Pereira da Silva and his son José Pereira da Silva pioneered land near the
Ugly and Fish rivers and gave to the region, the name “High Cafezal”.
A deputy at the time, Bento de Abreu Sampaio Vidal, born in São Carlos and Araraquara in 1926, made the
allotment of their heritage. Colonel José Brás (José Nogueira da Silva), a native of Itapetininga, in 1927 came
to Marilia. Nogueira had about 40 percent of the land of Bomfim farm. Their lands were allotted bands and
began the civilizing process of Marilia, formerly spike the High Cafezal. Today, where we have the Rua
Coronel Galdino de Almeida, Rio Branco Avenue and Colonel José Brás (José Nogueira da Silva) Barbosa
through the village to the universities (Univem, Unesp and Unimar) lands were cleared by Nogueira and
Almeida. Descendants of the ancient Nogueira are still living in Marilia.
Paulista Company of Railroads was advancing its tracks Piratininga to get to Lazio; and according to the
scheme of that company, the roads were being opened in the extension, they were called in alphabetical order;
with the next extension should have his name started with the letter “M”. They have been proposed various
names such as “Marathona”, “Mogúncio” and “Macao”, but Abreu Benedict was not satisfied with any of these;
in one of his ship’s trips to Europe, read the book of Tomás Antonio Gonzaga, “Marilia de Dirceu”, where he
got the name of Marilia.
The city of Marilia, with that name was created by State Law 2161, on December 22, 1926, still as a Cafelândia
district. In 1928 it was elevated to a municipality by the State Law 2320 of 24 December 1928. Since its official
installation took place on April 4, 1929, when it celebrated his birthday.
In the early twentieth century, the economy of Marilia was based on coffee cultivation, which, over time, was
being replaced peloalgodão. Thanks to cotton in 1934 and 1935 were installed the first two industries in the city
(two oil mills). With the expansion of industrialization to São Paulo, there was an increase of the railway and
bus station, it Marilia called to various regions of São Paulo and northern Parana
In the 1940s, the city has established itself as a hub for the development of West Paulista, when there was a
large urban and population growth. In the 1970s, there was a new industrial cycle in the city with the creation of
new industries, especially in the food and metallurgy area. With the subsequent installation of various
university courses, Marilia could attract many young people to the region, which helped in the development of
the city of commerce.
Today, Marilia has approximately 50 industries in the food area is known as “National Food Capital”.
The city of Marilia is along its entire length located on the western branch of the acute mountain range that
crosses from east to west. The foothills of this mountain usually end in cliffs of sandstone covered with
vegetation. Within the municipality, the saw gets some special names: Sierra de Avencas, Sierra de
Cincinatina (where is the Morro Redondo), Serra do Tiveron, Serra do Scomparim, Serra do Macuco and the
mountains of Casa Grande.
Marilia has a Horto Florestal of 554 hectares; a Municipal Bosque of 17.36 hectares; an area reserved for the
reforestation of 2000 hectares and an area of ​​7400 hectares of natural vegetation.
Marilia has, together with Londrina, one of the largest concentrations nipodescendentes the interior of Brazil.
In Marilia, the Japanese community created the Nikkei Club, club that retains the Japanese traditions. The
team’s Nikkei Baseball Club is one of the most known within that category.
Annually on April, the community realizes the Japan Fest, festival with many attractions aimed at the eastern
public including the presentation of traditional Japanese groups, handicraft exhibition, beauty pageant (Miss
Nikey) also are at the disposal of public several stands where you can taste of Japanese cuisine or to register
for one of the employment agency in Japan.
TAM Linhas Aéreas SA, the largest airline in the country, was founded in Marilia. It has emerged as TAM (Taxi
Aereo Marilia) in 1961 from the union of ten young pilots of single engine. At the time, they were carrying cargo
and passengers between Paraná and the states of São Paulo and Mato Grosso.
Bradesco, the second largest bank in the country, was founded in 1943 in Marilia with the Brazilian Bank name
discounts. The first ATM was installed in Brazil by Bradesco in Marilia.

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