Natal is a Brazilian city, the state capital of Rio Grande do Norte, Northeastern Brazil. It belongs to Mesoregion
Potiguar East and Christmas Microregion. With an area of 167.263 square kilometers, it is the second Brazilian
capital with the smallest land area (most just Vitória, capital of Espírito Santo), making it the sixth largest city in
the country in population density, lying 2227 km from Brasilia, the capital federal.
Founded in 1599, the banks of the River Potengi, the city is known worldwide and has important monuments,
parks and museums and sights such as the Teatro Alberto Maranhão and Capitolina Column Del Pretti, in the
Historic Center, and other attractions such as the Ponte Newton Navarro, the Krusty House Museum, City Park
Dom Nivaldo Monte, the Popular Culture Museum, Dunes Park, the Metropolitan Cathedral and beaches such
as Ponta Negra and Artists, and highprofile events such as the International Fair Crafts (FIART), Carnatal, the
June festivals and Christmas celebrations.
It is also known as the “Space Capital of Brazil” due to the operations of first base in South America rockets,
Launch Center of Barreira do Inferno, now located in the adjacent municipality of Parnamirim.
Historically, the town had great importance during the Second World War in 1942 during Operation Torch, as
the aircraft of the American allied base is supplied with fuel in place for a long time was the Augusto Severo
International Airport, classified as “one of the four most strategic points in the world. “The Natal was also one
of the twelve host cities of the World Cup.
Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte state, is located in the middle region of the Potiguar East and micro
namesake, at an average altitude of thirty meters above sea level, far 2227 kilometers (km) of Brasilia, the
federal capital (1 779 km in a straight line). With a land area of 167.274 square kilometers, borders on the
municipalities of Extremoz north, south and Macaíba Parnamirim and Sao Goncalo do Amarante west, across
the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
The city has its territory located within a set of four river basins, the Rio Potenji being the largest, covering
31.19% of the Natal area, followed by the eastern coastline of diffuse flow (30.9%) and the basins of the rivers
Doce (23.43%) and Pirangi (15.3%). Two important Christmas rivers are the Potenji, born in the wild Rio
Grande do Norte and travels 176 km, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean, and the Jundiaí, a tributary of the Rio
Potenji. It also highlights the river Pitimbu, born in the city of Macaíba cuts the Natal neighborhood Pitimbu, in
the south, and flows into the Lagoa do Jiqui in the municipality of Parnamirim. Other rivers that cross the city
are Guariju and the Jaguaribe.
The Natal atmosphere is warm tropical rainy with dry summer, 9 with an average annual temperature of 26 ° C
and can reach 30 ° C in summer. In the winter this average falls to 24 ° C. Due to its location on the coast, the
effect of maritimidade is quite noticeable, resulting in relatively low temperature ranges. With about three
thousand hours of sunshine a year (the largest among Brazilian capital), Natal has the title of City of the Sun,
since in a few days, sunny weather can reach up to fifteen hours. According to a study done by NASA, the air
Natal is the purest of the entire American continent.
Theaters, museums and cultural spaces:
Natal has six theatrical spaces, namely the Casa da Ribeira which has operated since 2001 and has shows
and music performances Cultural Christmas Complex is located at the place where the work Penal Complex
John Keys was demolished to give way to the center, 185 and has sporadic shows, cultural workshops and
exhibitions of objects currently subutilizado the Alberto Maranhão Theatre one of the most beautiful
buildings of Natal, whose construction started in 1898, has artnouveau style It is listed by the Historical
Heritage and Art of Rio Grande do Norte the Popular Culture Theatre also known as “Popular Culture
Theatre Chico Daniel”, is located in Petropolis neighborhood, has a total capacity of two hundred people and
operates in partnership with the State Foundation José Augusto Culture; opened in August 2, 2005 for various
artists from Natal, Rio Grande do Norte and several other places they could express their art on site the
Municipal Theatre Sandoval Wanderley located in the neighborhood of Rosemary, this is the second theater
Natal, built in 1962, with capacity for 150 spectators and named after the issuance Sandoval Wanderley.
In addition to the theaters, as mentioned above, Natal also has museums and cultural spaces.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Christmas is the largest in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.De according
to IBGE data for 2009, the GDP of the municipality was R $ 10,369,581 thousand., Concentrating alone about
40% of all state GDP. 1444513000 are taxes liquids subsidies at current prices. The GDP per capita is R $ 12
Natal stands out for diversified industrial production, focusing on the construction and manufacturing industries,
as well as having a center of manufacturing and textile industries, Natal also has an industrial district, the state
of the first, housing the headquarters of the Federation of Industries the State of Rio Grande do Norte (FIERN),
an organization founded in February 27, 1953 and only recognized the following year by a union letter.