Brazil Destinations, Petrolina

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In 1841 it was not populated yet, and was called “Passage of Juazeiro”, because this was the point at
which the travellers of Ouricuri, PE, of the hinterlands of Piaui and Ceara, and even of Pernambuco
were crossing the River San Francisco for the Bahia State on the site that is in front of the today city
of Juazeiro, in the State of Bahia. The Italian Friar Henrique, opening prayers there mission, founded
in 1858, a chapel on site. The blessing of the chosen site, sat the first stone of a church whose
sponsorship was given to the Holy Mary, Queen of Angels, and the same could only be completed in
1860. In a short time, in the region saw a flourishing village. At the request of the local vicar, was
raised to the category of civil parish, giving the town the title of Petrolina in tribute to monarch ­ the
emperor D. Peter II. The small nucleus became village by provincial law 1444 of June 5, 1879, being
installed in 1881 by its first judge Dr. Manoel Barreto Dantas. After the proclamation of the Republic,
became autonomous municipality in April 25, 1893, being its first Mayor Manoel Francisco de Souza
Junior. By state law No 130, of June 28, 1895, was high solemnly to the category of city, on
September 25 of the same year. Another important name in the history of Petrolina and considered
by a lot of people like the giant of San Francisco, prophet and even magical Hinterland of
Pernambuco, was Clementino de Souza Coelho ­ “Seu Quele” ­ that due to its history, the city has
been called Petrolina of Queles. Your Partic built an empire with economic ramifications in virtually all
northeastern states, in addition to consolidating the last name of the family in national policy. From his
sons ­ Nile de Souza Coelho ­ was one of the biggest name of the political history of Petrolina. Before
Nilo Coelho, no other sertanejo if designed so high on the political scene. Your vision sharp indicated
the path of changes ­ path of waters, with mazes of irrigation channels ripping the dry soil of the semi
arid region. Many years ago, Nilo Coelho already knew that it was possible to change the fate of
thousands of urbanites Northeasterners. At the time, it was impossible to predict the future of the
region as a major exporter of fruit in the Country. But Nile, like every great leader, he was a visionary
and knew not the unbelievers that he, also, was the son of Petrolina, land of impossible. The utopia of
Nilo Coelho is today reality. Your ideas served to shrouds solid foundations and leverage a surprising
progress in the region of Submedium San Francisco. The irrigated areas which today cover the fields
of hinterland semi­arid, were encouraged by him when he was the governor of the State of
Pernambuco. Today, Petrolina is the city of rural Pernambuco that more grows and is an
extraordinary pole producer of fruit and vegetables. It is also between the municipalities from
Pernambuco, which has the largest territorial extension, with an area of approximately 4,701 km,
where reside around 220 thousand inhabitants ­ 76% of them in the urban area. The city is located on
the left side of the Sao Francisco River and is linked to the city of Juazeiro, Bahia by bridge President
Dutra. It is a modern and cosmopolitan, but respects the traditions and characteristics of his people
sertanejo, dances, crafts and typical of tropical fruits, the goat roast and fish noble surubim. The city
is a must for the big shopping centers, allowing visitors to discover the natural beauty of this Oasis of
Northeastern Hinterland.
The climate petrolinense is classified as semi­arid hot, with rainfall in spring­summer. This climate is
characterized by scarcity and irregularity of rainfall, as well as the strong evaporation due to the high
temperatures. The average annual temperature is 26.3 C, having hot and humid summers and mild
winters warm and dry. November is the month with the highest value of average temperature (28.2
C), as well as higher average maximum temperatures (34 C) while July is the coldest (24.1 C) and, at
the same time, with the lowest average minimum temperature (19.5 C). The average time of sunshine
is 2 860 hours per year, with air humidity of 58 %.
Turistic sights:
Old Railway Station of East Brazilian; Bododromo; Walk of Fame; Cathedral ­ Church Sacred Heart of
Jesus; Central Crafts ; Arts Center Ana of Carranca; Handicraft Center Celestino Gomes; Convention
Center Nilo Coelho; Acoustic Shell; * Cultural Space Lula Cardoso Aires (old butchery ­ headquarters
of Matingueiros and point of culture); Space Science and Culture UNIVASF; Galinhódromo (Cohab
Massangano); Church of Our Lady Queen of Angels – Matrix; Fogo Island; Island of Massangano;
Island of Rodeadouro (or Rodeadouro); Memorial Don Bosco; Mirante do Serrote Urubu; Museum of
the hinterland; Workshop of Master Craftsman Quincas; Edge old and new edge (some barezinhos
and restaurants); Water Park Island of the Sun; Municipal Park Josepha Rabbi; Park Zoo­botanical
gardens of the Caating; Rock of the Bode; Fishing Lorraine (BR 407); Petrolina Former; Portal of Rio ;
Square of Centenary; San Francisco; Serra Santa