Brazil Destinations, Porto Alegre

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The city of Porto Alegre has considered the official date of foundation March 26, 1772, with the
creation of the Parish of San Francisco Port of couples, a year later changed to Our Lady of the
Mother of God of Porto Alegre. The settlement, however, began in 1752, with the arrival of 60
Portuguese couples Azoreans brought by means of the Treaty of Madrid to resettle in the Missions,
the North West region of the State that was being delivered to the Portuguese government in
exchange for the Colony of Sacramento, on the banks of the Rio de la Plata. The demarcation of the
land took and the Azoreans remained in what was then called Port of Wanganui, first title of Porto
Alegre. In July 24, 1773, Porto Alegre became the capital of the province, with the installation of
official government of Jose Marcelino de Figueiredo. From 1824, began to receive immigrants from all
over the world, especially Germans, Italians, Spanish, African, Polish, Jewish and Lebanese. This
mosaic of multiple expressions, different faces and ethnic, religious and linguistic backgrounds,
makes of Porto Alegre, today with almost 1.5 million inhabitants, a cosmopolitan city, multicultural, a
successful demonstration of diversity and plurality. The capital of Rio Grande do Sul is also the
capital of the Pampas, known as region of fauna and flora characteristics formed by extensive plains
that dominate the landscape of southern Brazil and part of Argentina and Uruguay. It is in this region
that was born the gaucho, historical figure, endowed with bravery and spirit warrior, result of
legendary battles and uprisings by border disputes between the Kingdoms of Spain and Portugal,
from the 16th century.
The revolts that followed, but it was the 19th century that marked his people, after a long war of
independence against the Portuguese Empire. The so­called War of the Farrapos began with a
confrontation occurred in the capital itself, in the vicinity of the actual bridge Da Azenha, on day
September 20, 1835. Even strangled, was this conflict that recorded in history, the myth of the
gaucho and is even today sung hymn, commemorated in annual parades and honored with names of
streets and parks. With the end of the War of the Farrapos, the city resumed his development and is
replaced by a strong urban restructuring in the last decades of the 18th century, driven mainly by the
rapid growth of port activities and the shipyards. The development has been continuous over time
and the city remained in the center of cultural events, political and social the country as a land of
great writers, intellectuals, artists, politicians and events that have marked the history of Brazil.
The geography of Porto Alegre is, as in most of the large cities, heterogeneous. The greater part of
the city of Porto Alegre is surrounded by buildings. The area of the municipality of Porto Alegre is
470.25 km2 (IBGE Census/ 2000). Of these, 44.45 km2 are distributed in 16 islands of the Guaiba
River under the jurisdiction of the municipality. Currently the city has 81 districts. It has a mountainous
region in the south, featuring hills, being the highest of them the Morro Santana, with 311 meters of
elevation above sea level.
The climate is humid subtropical or temperate, with warm summers and mild winters fresh (cold for
Brazilian standards) and rainy. The average January temperature is 25 degrees C, and in July is 14
degrees C, with temperatures records 40.7 °C on 1 January 19434 and ­4.0 °C in July 19185 . The
annual average is approximately 19.4 °C and the snow is very rare, having been observed in 1879,
1910, 1984, 1994, 2000 and 2006. The frosts occur several times during the year.
It is not uncommon for “dry spells”, that make the temperature rises to 30 degrees for a few days in
the middle of winter. The average annual rainfall is 1299 m According to data from the IBGE
census/2005, the GDP of Porto Alegre is R$ 27,977,351,000.00 and its GDP per capita is of R$
19,693.11
According to the UN and the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) Porto Alegre had in 2001
the best Human Development Index (HDI) between the national cities. The Coefficient of
Giniregistrado in 2003 was 0.44, with a poverty rate of 23.74 %, and 17.1% of subjective poverty. In
2006 the Index of Socioeconomic Development was 0.832 and the rate of unemployment in 2009 was
5.8 %, with a higher incidence in the industry. In August of 2010 Porto Alegre was the capital with the
cost of the basic food basket higher, reaching 240.91 reais. In several indicators of the cost of living in
2009 Porto Alegre was between the capital more expensive, as in services and household supplies,
transport, clothing and shoes, but was among the cheapest for leisure and entertainment.
Tourism in Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, has recently been gaining space in
the economy of the city. With almost 300 years of history and is today one of the most important
capital of Brazil, Porto Alegre offers a variety of attractions for visitors, since its natural beauties,
passing through its historic sites and their centers of high technology, approaching its cultural life and
its nightlife, famous for keeping art spaces, nightclubs and traditional pubs, with their concerts,
theater, concerts.
In Porto Alegre live or have lived many writers, intellectuals, artists and politicians that have marked
the history of Brazil. The city, which is capable of producing events such as the World Social Forum,
International Forum of Free Software and the Biennial of Visual Arts of Mercosur. It is also the capital
that projected in Rio Grande do Sul to the world soccer players like Ronaldinho Gaucho and
Alexandre Pato, and Olympic champions as Daiane dos Santos and Joao Derly
Within the Mercosur Porto Alegre is a strategic center, equidistant both of Buenos Aires and
Montevideo, as well as of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. For those arriving on land from Rio Grande
do Sul, is the major urban center of main routes and tourist attractions of the State. In the
geographical center of the Southern Cone, Porto Alegre is one of the 24 cities of the future the survey
World Winning Cities, consulting the Anglo­American Jones Lang La Salle. And there are reasons for
this. The city is a center of services and infrastructure of recognized quality, base of large national
and international companies and one of the main destinations of international events to be held in
Brazil.
Beside the economic strength, Porto Alegre is a green city and the cradle of the first environmental
movements in Brazil in the 1970s. The capital is situated on the shores of lake Guaiba River, is
surrounded by 40 hills and has a variety of river islands. The gaucho metropolis of 1.5 million
inhabitants, has 1.3 million trees planted on public roads, several parks and areas of environmental
preservation. In addition, its territory has 30% of rural area preserved and productive. This set of live
nature gives the city an index of green area per capita above the standards recommended by the
World Health Organization.

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