Brazil Destinations, Recife

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History
Recife is the richest city in northeastern Brazil and the eighth richest in Brazil, and the municipality is the 15th
in Brazil’s GDP and has the highest GDP per capita among the Northeastern capitals. The city is the ninth most
populous of Brazil and its metropolitan area, with 3.88 million inhabitants, is the seventh most populous, and
the third most densely populated metropolitan area in the country, surpassed only by São Paulo and Rio de
Janeiro . Recife plays a strong centralizing role in the state and region and the largest number of foreign
consulates outside the Rio­São Paulo axis. Recife is the northeastern capital with the best Human Development
Index (HDI) according to the UN 2010.
The city of Recife was voted one of the 65 cities with the most developed economy of emerging markets
worldwide. Only five Brazilian cities made the list, and Recife received the fourth place, after São Paulo, Rio de
Janeiro and Brasilia, ahead of Curitiba. According to British consultancy Pricewaterhouse Coopers, Recife
should be one of the world’s hundred richest cities in 2020.
Older among Brazilian state capitals, Recife emerged as “Ribeira de Mar dos Arrecifes” in the year 1537, the
main captaincy of the port area of Pernambuco, known throughout the commercial world of the time thanks to
the culture of sugar cane. In the 17th century the city spent twenty­four years under the control of the
Netherlands. After the expulsion of the Dutch, Recife emerges as the most important city of Pernambuco,
having a great commercial vocation influenced primarily by Portuguese traders, the so­called “peddlers”.
Among its many attributed nicknames, “Brazilian Venice” is the best known. The French novelist Albert Camus
was in Recife in 1949 and compared Recife to another Italian city to describe it in his book Travel Journal as
the “Florence of the Tropics”.
Recife is known as the “Venice of Brazil” thanks to its similarity with the city of Venice. Surrounded by rivers
and crossed by bridges, it is full of islands and mangroves. The Beberibe and Capibaribe rivers meet in the city
and then flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The city has dozens of bridges, including the oldest in Latin America.
Recife has a humid tropical climate, typical of the northeastern east coast, with average monthly temperatures
always above 18°C, low temperature variation and abundant rainfall throughout the year. The annual average
temperature is 25.5oC, reaching 30 ° C in summer.
Beaches
Recife is known for its amazing beaches.
● Boa Viagem Beach ­ Probably one of the world’s best urban beaches, with pristine white sands. With
8km of hotels and restaurants, it is the longest urbanized stretch of beach in Brazil. If you want a tan,
you came to the right place. The beach road has a wide walkway attached and this is dotted with huts
selling food and drink. Try the traditional “água de coco” (coconut water). The beach itself is full of
vendors selling food and drink. There are also vendors selling t­shirts, hats, suncream, sunglasses. These
guys can get a bit insistent. Simply smile and one word will have them on their way: não (pronounced
“now.”) The beach is somewhat protected by a coral reef wall visible at low tide, making it good for a
swim, but don’t go out past the wall, as the waters are more dangerous, with sharks reported in the area.
● Brasilia Teimosa Beach ­ A smaller and less frequented beach near the port.
● Pina Beach ­ A well­developed and popular beach north of Boa Viagem Beach. It’s a little more
relaxed, with weak waves.
· Recife attracts tourists from around the world. Prominent among the reasons for this attraction cultural events
and festivities as well as parks and museums and the baroque churches and several historical buildings.
Recife is the entrance gate to the coast of Pernambuco, from where tourists arriving by plane.

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