Campos dos Goytacases

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In the mid­sixteenth century, the region was donated by King John III of Portugal, Pero de Gois,
when passed, then, was called Captaincy of São Tomé, soon renamed the South Paraíba captaincy.
At the time, however, the region was inhabited by goitacas Indians who resisted the deployment of
sugarcane by Portuguese farming, preventing the Portuguese colonization. From 1627, with the
donation of the territory to the so­called Seven Captains, the Portuguese colonization, based on
animal husbandry, began to prosecute effectively. In 1652, there was the installation of the first sugar
mill in the region, marking the beginning of this important economic activity. On May 29, 1677, it was
founded the village of San Salvador dos Campos. It was elevated to city status on March 28, 1835.
Throughout the nineteenth century achieved great progress, leveraged by the sugar cycle, the “gold
sweet”, constituting a large rural nobility, with barons, viscounts, earls, commanders, nobles, etc., and
prestigious by Emperor Dom Pedro II and his family on several occasions. Important historical facts
are given in Campos: among them, the departure of the first volunteers for the Paraguayan War in
January 28, 1865, by steam Ceres. Another important moment was the abolitionism movement,
which had its high point on July 17, 1881, with the founding of the Emancipatory Camper Society,
which propagated the struggle for the emancipation of blacks. Journalists Luís Carlos Lacerda and
José Carlos Sponsorship, the latter nicknamed the “Tiger of abolishing” were the greatest exponents
of the cause. But it was the last Brazilian city to join the abolition of slavery. The Emperor visits Dom
Pedro II and the republican struggle was other milestones in the Campos history. From the 1930s,
with the installation of the first mill steam, the sugar industry has gained new impetus in region. Oil
was officially discovered in the region on 7 December 19747, the Lighthouse of São Tomé,
reactivating the region’s development.
The municipality of Campos dos Goytacazes covers a total area of ​​4 031,91 km. The city has tropical
climate with average annual temperature of 22.7 ° C. The city has sunny days most of the year, which
allows tourists to enjoy all the attractions of Campos dos Goytacazes.
Campos is an important commercial and financial center covering the northern, northwestern
Fluminense. It is the 13th richest city in the country. The one that invests in per capita resources of
Brazil. Campos is also the second city in the state that has more grown the hotel sector by 2014, just
in the prime area of ​​the city are 14 commercial and residential buildings under construction. In the city
center, diverse popular trade is strong. On the street João Pessoa, we can find the largest
concentration of popular clothing stores. In the neighborhood of Pelinca, we can find the second
commercial and financial center of the city, with the most prestigious shops and several malls.
Because it contains most of the city’s bars and restaurants, the Pelinca is considered rich and always
busy, especially at night.
Off its shores in the Atlantic Ocean, there is a strong pole of oil and gas exploration by Petrobras, on
the continental shelf. The town is the largest oil producer in Brazil, as well as focuses most of Rio’s
ceramics industry. Of the seven sugar mills and state alcohol, six are in Campos. Various industries
are present; only in 2007, more than five were installed by Fundecam (Field Development Fund). The
city is known for being the largest in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in addition to its tranquility and
beauty. With many sights, it has a beach, lakes, historic sights and theaters. The beach of São Tomé
Lighthouse usually receives many visitors in the summer, with shows and sports competitions.
Among the lakes, we can highlight the Ugly Lagoon, the state’s largest and second largest in the
country. Adventure tourism is also practiced in the city, in the region of hills where the Pico de São
Mateus and Lisa Stone. The city has good infrastructure, with nice hotels. Overall, Fields residents
often of great hospitality as well receiving tourists.